The Efe forager infant and toddler's pattern of social relationships: Multiple and simultaneous.

  title={The Efe forager infant and toddler's pattern of social relationships: Multiple and simultaneous.},
  author={Edward Z. Tronick and Gilda Ann Morelli and Paula K. Ivey},
  journal={Developmental Psychology},
This study extends previous observations on the multiple caretaking system of newborns and young infants among the Efe foragers of Zaire, to Efe infants and toddlers, whose social contacts with mother, father, adults, and children at 5 and 8 months and at 1, 2, and 3 years were observed naturalistically. The Efe infant experiences a pattern of simultaneous and multiple relationships rather than a pattern that is initially focused on one person, most typically the mother, and that with… Expand

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