The Edwin Smith Papyrus: The Birth of Analytical Thinking in Medicine and Otolaryngology

@article{Stiefel2006TheES,
  title={The Edwin Smith Papyrus: The Birth of Analytical Thinking in Medicine and Otolaryngology},
  author={Marc Stiefel and A L Shaner and Steven David Schaefer},
  journal={The Laryngoscope},
  year={2006},
  volume={116}
}
The Edwin Smith Papyrus, discovered in 1862 outside of Luxor, Egypt, is the oldest known surgical text in the history of civilization. The surviving scroll, a copy of an earlier text from around 3,000 B.C., gives us remarkable insight into the medical practice of ancient Egyptians in the Nile River bed during the dawn of civilization. The Papyrus is divided into 48 cases, most of which describe traumatic injuries. The text instructs the physician to examine the patient and look for revealing… 
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