The Edwin Smith Papyrus: The Birth of Analytical Thinking in Medicine and Otolaryngology

  title={The Edwin Smith Papyrus: The Birth of Analytical Thinking in Medicine and Otolaryngology},
  author={Marc Stiefel and A L Shaner and Steven David Schaefer},
  journal={The Laryngoscope},
The Edwin Smith Papyrus, discovered in 1862 outside of Luxor, Egypt, is the oldest known surgical text in the history of civilization. The surviving scroll, a copy of an earlier text from around 3,000 B.C., gives us remarkable insight into the medical practice of ancient Egyptians in the Nile River bed during the dawn of civilization. The Papyrus is divided into 48 cases, most of which describe traumatic injuries. The text instructs the physician to examine the patient and look for revealing… 
[The Edwin Smith papyrus in the history of medicine].
The similarity between the current clinical method and that described in the Smith papyrus, strongly suggests the idea that part of the origin of medicine, can be found in ancient Egypt.
Traumatic brain injuries in the ancient Egypt: insights from the Edwin Smith Papyrus.
The Edwin Smith Papyrus contains the first description of the brain, pulsations, contusions as the result of TBI, the dura, and cerebrospinal fluid, revealing a more or less sophisticated knowledge of cerebral anatomy.
The sword and the knife: a comparison of ancient Egyptian treatment of sword injuries and present day knife trauma.
Comparison of a variety of components involved in the treatment of historical and modern slash-type sharp force wounds has illustrated that despite advances in medical practice, some of the basic principles of the authors' current treatment regimes are derived from practices established thousands of years ago by the ancient Egyptians.
The History of Sepsis from Ancient Egypt to the XIX Century
Throughout history, mankind has succumbed to endless infectious diseases which have been responsible of great historical changes; classic examples like “The Black Death” during the late Medieval
Reduction of temporomandibular joint dislocation: an ancient technique that has stood the test of time
Today, mandibular joint dislocation is probably not that common but to be included in an important ancient Egyptian treatise, predominately concerned with trauma to the head and neck, could suggest it was a more frequent occurrence in antiquity.
Recuento histórico y análisis epistemológico de la sepsis secundaria a lesiones y su control quirúrgico. Desde el papiro de Edwin Smith hasta el pus bonum et laudabile
The evolution of different therapeutic approaches for wounds is described, from the non-suppurative healing of the Egyptians and Alexandrians to the irrepressible desire of seeing wound suppuration that was common in the Middle Ages.
A brief history of topographical anatomy
This brief history of topographical anatomy begins with Egyptian medical papyri and the works known collectively as the Greco‐Arabian canon, the time line then moves on to the excitement of discovery
Traditional ancient Egyptian medicine: A review
Anatomical terms: towards development of terminologies (terminogenesis)
This historical review is an attempt to investigate the evolution of the anatomical names from the prehistorical times when humans had no handwriting to record anatomy until the discovery of printing when anatomical names could become disseminated in printed books.
Biomaterials and biocompatibility: an historical overview.
This review focuses on the characteristics and applications of biomaterials through the ages, ranging from the prehistoric times to the beginning of the era of modern medicine, which has been


The Western Medical Tradition: 800 BC-1800 AD
Like Andreas Vesalius, physicians today know that the way to be certain about knowledge is through "autopsia" or "seeing for oneself." This book continues the autopsic outlook by maintaining a sense
Facial fractures: Hippocratic management.
The Manuscripts in Ancient Greek, which deal with the management of mandibular fractures and dislocations, and with nasal and midfacial fractures have been translated and discussed and Hippocrates' methods for reducingMandibular dislocation and treating fractures of the mandible by wiring the teeth and immobilizing the jaw are described.
Ear, Nose and Throat in Ancient Egypt
  • A. Pahor
  • History
    The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
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Nothing new under the sun (Solomon) And left the vivid air signed with their honour (Stephen Spender) The Egyptian civilization is one of the oldest in history, if not the first. The history of
From the Roots of Rhinology: The Reconstruction of Nasal Injuries by Hippocrates
It is found that Hippocrates classified nasal injuries, from simple contusions of soft tissues to complicated fractures, and Hippocratic conservative and surgical management for each form of injury was adopted by later physicians and influenced European medicine.
The Genuine Works of Hippocrates
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  • Art
    Annals of Medical History
  • 1939
The history of otolaryngology from ancient to modern times.
The Edwin Smith surgical papyrus.
  • F. Cunha
  • Medicine
    American journal of surgery
  • 1949