The Educative Effects of Ballot Initiatives on Voter Turnout

@article{Tolbert2005TheEE,
  title={The Educative Effects of Ballot Initiatives on Voter Turnout},
  author={Caroline J. Tolbert and Daniel A. Smith},
  journal={American Politics Research},
  year={2005},
  volume={33},
  pages={283 - 309}
}
Scholars have begun examining what Progressive reformers called the educative effects of direct democracy, especially the effect ballot initiatives have on voter turnout. Research based on aggregate-level voter age population (VAP) turnout data indicates that ballot measures increase turnout in low-information midterm elections but not in presidential elections. We analyze the impact of ballot initiative use on voter turnout from 1980 through 2002 using voter eligible population (VEP) turnout… 

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