The Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS): A Simple Method for the Assessment of Palliative Care Patients

@article{Bruera1991TheES,
  title={The Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS): A Simple Method for the Assessment of Palliative Care Patients},
  author={Eduardo Bruera and Norma Kuehn and Melvin J. Miller and Pal Selmser and Karen Macmillan},
  journal={Journal of Palliative Care},
  year={1991},
  volume={7},
  pages={6 - 9}
}
We describe a simple method for the assessment of symptoms twice a day in patients admitted to a palliative care unit. Eight visual analog scales (VAS) 0–100 mm are completed either by the patient alone, by the patient with nurse's assistance, or by the nurses or relatives at 10:00 and 18:00 hours, in order to indicate the levels of pain, activity, nausea, depression, anxiety, drowsiness, appetite, and sensation of well-being. The information is then transferred to a graph that contains the… 

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