The Economics of Open Source Software: A Survey of the Early Literature

@article{Schiff2002TheEO,
  title={The Economics of Open Source Software: A Survey of the Early Literature},
  author={Aaron Schiff},
  journal={Review of Network Economics},
  year={2002},
  volume={1}
}
  • A. Schiff
  • Published 1 March 2002
  • Economics
  • Review of Network Economics
This paper reviews the recent literature on the economics of open source software. Two different sets of issues are addressed. The first looks at the incentives of programmers to participate in open source projects. The second considers the business models used by profit-making firms in the open source industry, and the effects on existing closed source firms. Some possible future research directions are also given. 
Why Do Commercial Firms Open The Source Code Of Their Products?
TLDR
It is shown that open-sourcing can arise as an equilibrium outcome in the authors' two-stage game, and in equilibrium firms may find it optimal to release the source code of their commercial software products even when this strategy may reduce their profits.
Contributing to the Common Pool Resources in Open Source Software. A Comparison between Individuals and Firms
TLDR
An exhaustive empirical analysis is carried out using data on project membership, project coordination and contribution efforts of 146 Italian firms that do business with Open Source software to analyse the contributions to Open Source projects of software firms.
Designing Open Source Efficiently - A Comparative Organizational Analysis
The phenomenon of open-source software production still puzzles economists. How can a mode of production exist that is based on the contributions of many software programmers without providing any
The Move to the Middle: Convergence of the Open-Source and Proprietary Software Industries
In this paper we focus on open-source software within the broader framework of the software industry. More specifically, we compare proprietary and open-source software (OSS) companies in terms of
Competitive Implications of Software Open-Sourcing
TLDR
It is shown that open-sourcing can arise as an equilibrium outcome in the authors' simple two-stage game if the enhancement of customer values from open-Sourcing is moderate or high, and firms may find it optimal to release open-source versions of their products.
The implementation of free software in firms, an empirical analysis
This article presents the findings of a research aimed at characterizing open source migration initiatives. Thirty experiences have been considered in total, ninety of them are Public Administrations
What Economists Know about Open Source Software - Its Basic Principles and Research Results
TLDR
An introduction into the topic OSS versus closed source software (CSS), which gives an overview of the motives of the (non-paid) OSS developers, the institutions of OSS, the effects of O SS on competition, the incentives and role of firms, and finally of open source principle beyond software.
The Move to the Middle: Convergence of the Open‐Source and Proprietary Software Industries
Abstract In this paper we focus on open‐source software within the broader framework of the software industry. More specifically, we compare proprietary and open‐source software (OSS) companies in
Open Source as a Strategic Asset: Evidence from the Financial Industry
TLDR
This chapter describes the processes of selecting and implementing an open source integrated management system in a financial company in Spain, Caja Guadalajara, and shows the experience of the company with the integral systems they have decided to migrate.
The Impact of Open Source Software on the Strategic Choices of Firms Developing Proprietary Software
TLDR
It is shown that the firm produces lower-quality CSS when it faces competition from an OSS than when it does not, and the quality of the CSS decreases as thequality of the OSS increases.