The Economics of Agricultural Decollectivization in East Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union

  title={The Economics of Agricultural Decollectivization in East Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union},
  author={Erik Mathijs and Johan Swinnen},
  journal={Economic Development and Cultural Change},
  pages={1 - 26}
1989 include both the privatization of agricultural production assets and the restructuring of state and collective farms. Farm restructuring and, more specifically, the breakup of large-scale agricultural production units into individually operated farms—a process we define as ‘‘decollectivization’’—differ considerably for the various ECE and FSU countries. Differences in decollectivization can be observed across countries, between regions within a country, and over time. We argue that these… 

Land policies and evolving farm structures in transition countries

The authors review the role of land policies in the evolving farm structure of transition countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). They show how

Agriculture in transition economies: from common heritage to divergence

The 23 former socialist countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) started the transition in 1989-1990 from a common institutional and

Land Reform and Agricultural Reform Policies in Romania's Transition to the Market Economy

This article explores in depth the key legislative and policy elements of the Romanian agrarian reform, surveys their historical and social context, articulates the ideas and beliefs that guided

Between Transition, WTO, and EU Accession: Agriculture and Agricultural Policies in Formerly Centrally Planned Countries

signaled the beginning of a vast set of changes throughout the countries of the former Soviet Bloc, eight Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) will become members of the European Union

Europe and CentralAsia Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Series Ukraine Review of Farm Restructuring Experiences

A study conducted in the autumn of 1998 took stock of various farm restructuring initiatives in Ukraine, including projects managed and financed by international donors and spontaneous locallevel

Farms in Central and Eastern Europe - Today and Tomorrow

Farms in Poland Before and After the EU Accession. The Competitiveness of Lithuanian Farms in the EU. Prospects of the Slovakian Farm Sector under the CAP. Farm structure in the Czech Republic –

The Transformation of Agricultural Production Cooperatives in East Germany and Their Future

With the break-down of the socialist regime in East Germany in 1989/90 the collective farms had to be transformed or to be dissolved. At that time, it had been anticipated by (mostly West German)

Agricultural restructuring in central and eastern Europe: implications for competitiveness and rural development

This paper considers whether the dual production structure now in place in central and eastern European countries (CEECs) is efficient and stable in the medium term. The large, recently emerged

Analysis of Land Reforms and the Review of Legislative Aspects in Rural Land in Albania

Albanian agriculture has been experiencing a dramatic and difficult transition period from a centralized, planned economy to a market economy. The main reasons for these difficulties are because of



Decollectivization and the agricultural transition in Eastern and Central Europe

The agricultural transition is an essential part of stabilization and adjustment in Eastern and Central Europe because agricultural sectors are large and food is important. The supply response that

Political Economy of Agrarian Reform in Central and Eastern Europe

Political economy of privatization and decollectivization of Central and East European agriculture - definitions, issues, and methodology, Ewa Rabinowicz and Johan F.M. Swinnen an historical overview

Disruption and Continuity in Bulgaria’s Agrarian Reform

The Bulgarian land reform process is burdened by a fundamental tension between disruption and continuity. This tension arises from the dual roles played by the nomenklatura in the transition to a

Agrarian Structure and Productivity in Developing Countries

The main argument of this book is that in most developing countries small farmers produce more per unit of land than large farmers and are at least comparable in total factor productivity. This is

Behavioural and material determinants of production relations in agriculture

In this essay we develop a framework for analysing the major institutions governing the production and exchange of output and the primary factors of production in rural areas. The analysis

Plenary paper 2: Why is the agriculture of advanced Western economies still organized by family farms? Will this continue to be so in the future?

The dominance and persistency of family farms in industrialized nonsocialist countries can only be explained by the theory that farm households organize agricultural and household production, and

Does Compensation for Disruptions Stimulate Reforms? The Case of Agrarian Reform in Central and Eastern Europe

Most Central and Eastern European governments have decided to restore land to former owners, but there has been opposition to land reform from managers and workers of collective farms. This

Labour Allocation in a Cooperative Enterprise

Two methods of income distribution have been particularly associated with socialist thinking, " to each according to his needs " and " to each according to his work ". In the literature on socialism