The Economic Value of Higher Teacher Quality

  title={The Economic Value of Higher Teacher Quality},
  author={Eric A. Hanushek},
  journal={Labor: Human Capital eJournal},
  • E. Hanushek
  • Published 1 December 2010
  • Education
  • Labor: Human Capital eJournal

Teacher evaluation and school improvement: An analysis of the evidence

In recent years, substantial investments have been made in reengineering systems of teacher evaluation. The new generation models of teacher evaluation typically adopt a standards-based view of


Research indicates the importance of teachers in impacting their pupils’ achievements. However, the specific teacher characteristics that affect achievements are not known. Thus, it is unclear how to


Are teachers' impacts on students' test scores ("value-added") a good measure of their quality? This question has sparked debate partly because of a lack of evidence on whether high value-added (VA)

The Long-Term Impacts of Teachers: Teacher Value-Added and Student Outcomes in Adulthood

Are teachers' impacts on students' test scores ("value-added") a good measure of their quality? This question has sparked debate largely because of disagreement about (1) whether value-added (VA)

The Stability of Teacher Performance and Effectiveness: Implications for Policies Concerning Teacher Evaluation

The last five to ten years has seen a renewed interest in the stability of teacher behavior and effectiveness. Data on teacher performance and teacher effectiveness are being used increasingly as the

Teacher Quality and Teacher Mobility

There is growing concern among policy makers over the quality of the teacher workforce in general, and the distribution of effective teachers across schools. The impact of teacher attrition on

The Assessment of Teacher Quality: An Investigation into Current Issues in Evaluating and Rewarding Teachers

The New Zealand Treasury policy agenda seeks to initiate a regime in which educational research (however controversial, subjective and unreliable) is to be interpreted by state officials and used by

Measuring the effect of competitive teacher recruitment on student achievement: Evidence from Ecuador

In the last decade, several Latin American governments have implemented new teacher recruitment policies based on evaluations of candidates' competency and knowledge so as to raise the quality of

Journal of Professional Capital and Community School human capital and teacher salary policies

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider how the level and structure of teacher salaries affect student outcomes and the possibility of improving student achievement in the USA.



How to Improve the Supply of High-Quality Teachers

Virtually everybody interested in improving the performance of schools concentrates on the importance of teacher quality. Yet policy recommendations related to teacher quality frequently do not

Generalizations about Using Value-Added Measures of Teacher Quality

The extensive investigation of the contribution of teachers to student achievement produces two generally accepted results. First, there is sub stantial variation in teacher quality as measured by

Teachers, Schools, and Academic Achievement

Considerable controversy surrounds the impact of schools and teachers on the achievement of students. This paper disentangles the separate factors influencing achievement with special attention given

Teacher Pay and Teacher Quality

Can changes in teacher pay encourage more able individuals to enter the teaching profession? So far, studies of the impact of pay on the aptitude distribution of teachers have provided mixed evidence

How Large Are Teacher Effects?

It is widely accepted that teachers differ in their effectiveness, yet the empirical evidence regarding teacher effectiveness is weak. The existing evidence is mainly drawn from econometric studies

The role of cognitive skills in economic development

The role of improved schooling, a central part of most development strategies, has become controversial because expansion of school attainment has not guaranteed improved economic conditions. This

Teacher Quality in Educational Production: Tracking, Decay, and Student Achievement

Growing concerns over the achievement of U.S. students have led to proposals to reward good teachers and penalize (or fire) bad ones. The leading method for assessing teacher quality is "value added"

Performance Pay and Teachers' Effort, Productivity and Grading Ethics

Performance-related incentive pay for teachers is being introduced in many countries, but there is little evidence of its effects. This paper evaluates a rank-order tournament among teachers of

Searching for Effective Teachers with Imperfect Information

Over the past four decades, empirical researchers -- many of them economists -- have accumulated an impressive amount of evidence on teachers. In this paper, we ask what the existing evidence implies

Evaluating the Effect of Teachers’ Group Performance Incentives on Pupil Achievement

  • Victor Lavy
  • Economics, Education
    Journal of Political Economy
  • 2002
Proposals to use teachers’ performance incentives have recently attracted considerable attention. However, there is very little experience with applying incentives in schools. This paper provides