The Economic Situation of First and Second-Generation Immigrants in France, Germany and the United Kingdom

  title={The Economic Situation of First and Second-Generation Immigrants in France, Germany and the United Kingdom},
  author={Yann Algan and Christian Dustmann and Albrecht Glitz and Alan Manning},
  journal={European Economics: Labor \& Social Conditions eJournal},
A central concern about immigration is the integration into the labour market, not only of the first generation but also of subsequent generations. Little comparative work exists for Europe's largest economies. France, Germany and the UK have all become, perhaps unwittingly, countries with large immigrant populations albeit with very different ethnic compositions. Today, the descendants of these immigrants live and work in their parents’ destination countries. This article presents and… 
The labour market position of second-generation immigrants in Belgium
Belgium has one of the largest gaps in labour market outcomes between natives and individuals of foreign origin. One might expect that the children of migrants (the so-called second generation) would
Assimilation and the Second Generation in Europe and America: Blending and Segregating Social Dynamics Between Immigrants and Natives
The diversity induced by migration flows to Western societies has continued to generate scholarly attention, and a sizable new body of work on immigrant incorporation has been produced in the past
Over the next 50 years, population aging will contribute to a dramatic decline in the European working age population. One important question for policy makers is to what extent an increase in labour
The Economic Integration of Forced Migrants: Evidence for Post�?War Germany
The flight and expulsion of Germans from Eastern Europe during and after World War II constitutes one of the largest forced population movements in history. We analyze the economic integration of
The Economic Integration of Forced Migrants - Evidence for Post-War Germany
The flight and expulsion of Germans from Eastern Europe during and after World War II constitutes one of the largest forced population movements in history. We analyze the economic integration of
How large second-generation migrants and natives differ in terms of human capital accumulation and why? Empirical evidence for France ◊
This paper analyses the differences in the determinants of the accumulation of human capital for second-generation immigrants relatively to natives for the French case. We use the Training and
Integration in the Labour Market : Employment and Earnings among Descendants of Immigrants in Norway
Norway has been an immigrant country since the late 1960s and minority integration has since been a recurrent source of newspaper headlines and political debate. Now nearly 50 years later Norway is
Has Migration Been Beneficial for Migrants and Their Children?
The study compares the social mobility and status attainment of first-and second-generation Turks in nine Western European countries with those of Western European natives and with those of Turks in
The timing of childbearing among the descendants of immigrants in France
This study analyses the transition to the first, second and third births for four groups of second generation immigrants in France – women of North and Sub-Saharan African, Southeast Asian and
The Transition to Adulthood of the Italian Second Generation in France
The lack of convergence between Mediterranean and North-Western European countries in the patterns of transition to adulthood is usually explained in terms of the welfare state or persistent cultural


The Performance of Immigrants in the United Kingdom: Evidence from the GHS
This paper assesses the performance of immigrants in the U.K. labour market. After reviewing the changes in the source countries of immigration using data from the GHS [General Household Surveys]
Unemployment and wages of ethnic Germans
Are there gender and country of origin differences in immigrant labor market outcomes across European destinations?
The 1994–2000 waves of the European Community Household Panel are used to study the earnings of immigrants as compared to native workers in 15 European countries. At the time of arrival, there is a
Cohort Effects in the Educational Attainment of Second Generation Immigrants in Germany: An Analysis of Census Data
Abstract.Even though second generation immigrants make up ever increasing population shares in industrialized countries we know little about their social integration and wellbeing. This study focuses
Unequal chances: ethnic minorities in Western labour markets
The Comparative Study of Ethnic Minority Disadvantage Diversity and Mobility in Australia Continuing Ethnic Segmentation in Austria Down and Out: The Children of Migrant Workers in the Belgian Labour
On the Relative Gains to Immigration: A Comparison of the Labour Market Position of Indians in the USA, the UK and India
While most studies of the decision to immigrate focus on the absolute income differences between countries, we argue that relative change in purchasing power or status, as captured by an individual's
The More Things Change: Immigrants and the Children of Immigrants in the 1940s, the 1970s, and the 1990s
Rising immigrant inflows have substantially affected the size and composition of the U.S. workforce. They are also exerting an even bigger intergenerational effect: at present one-in-ten native born
The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-born Men
The earnings of foreign-born adult white men, as reported in the 1970 Census of Population, are analyzed through comparisons with the native born and among the foreign born by country of origin,
Assimilation, labour market experience, and earnings profiles of temporary and permanent immigrant workers in germany
We test the assimilation hypothesis as initially proposed by Chiswick (1978) by making. use of a rich panel dataset for Germany which allows us to control for unobserved population heterogeneity and