The Economic Motivations behind Japanese Aggression in the late 1930s: Perspectives of Freda Utley and Nawa Toichi

@article{Sugihara1997TheEM,
  title={The Economic Motivations behind Japanese Aggression in the late 1930s: Perspectives of Freda Utley and Nawa Toichi},
  author={K. Sugihara},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary History},
  year={1997},
  volume={32},
  pages={259 - 280}
}
  • K. Sugihara
  • Published 1997
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Contemporary History
This article discusses how economic motivations behind the Japanese decision to invade North China in the late 1930s were understood by two contemporaries, Freda Utley and Nawa Toichi. During the interwar period, East Asian economies, including those of Japan and China, considerably strengthened mutual economic ties through trade, investment, migration, and the transfer of technological and managerial skills. Although Japan was technologically ahead of other countries, her economic superiority… Expand

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