The Economic Benefits from Immigration

@article{Borjas1994TheEB,
  title={The Economic Benefits from Immigration},
  author={George J. Borjas},
  journal={NBER Working Paper Series},
  year={1994}
}
  • G. Borjas
  • Published 1994
  • Economics
  • NBER Working Paper Series
Natives benefit from immigration mainly because of production complementarities between immigrant workers and other factors of production, and these benefits are larger when immigrants are sufficiently `different' from the stock of native productive inputs. The available evidence suggests that the economic benefits from immigration for the United States are small, on the order of $6 billion and almost certainly less than $20 billion annually. These gains, however, could be increased… Expand
The Displacement of Skill Differentiated Labor by Immigration
This paper constructs a series of models that consider the influence of capital, immigrant, and native skills on the benefits that natives derive from immigration. A major contribution of this workExpand
Immigrants, Productivity, and Labor Markets
Immigration has been a steady force acting on population and employment within countries throughout human history. Focusing on the last four decades, we show that the mix of immigrants to richExpand
Is there still an immigration surplus, if native education structure adjusts to immigration?
Many countries pursue an immigration policy that is targeted at attracting high skilled workers. Borjas (1995) has shown that assuming perfect labor markets immigration leads to a welfare gain forExpand
Immigration, diversity and the labour market outcomes of native workers: some recent developments
This brief essay provides a selective discussion of how in recent years economists in the neoclassical tradition have addressed the questions whether and how immigration affects native workers’Expand
Immigration, Human Capital Formation and Endogenous Economic Growth
Census data from international sources covering 77% of the world's migrant population indicate that the skill composition of migrants in major destination countries, including the US, has been risingExpand
Skill-Upgrading and the Savings of Immigrants
This note derives positive and normative implications about the effects of immigration on welfare and the skill composition of the labor force in receiving economies. The main channel through whichExpand
A Pure Capital Market Complementarity between Immigrants and Natives
This work presents a model aiming to evaluate the impact of rural-urban migration on the aggregate stock of loanable funds and investment by the urban population. Much higher investment costs forExpand
Immigration, Human Capital Formation, and Endogenous Economic Growth
Census data from international sources covering 77 percent of the world’s migrant population indicate that the skill composition of migrants in major destination countries, including the UnitedExpand
The immigration surplus and the substitutability of immigrant and native labor: evidence from Spain
How immigration affects the labor market of the host country is a topic of major concern for many immigrant-receiving nations. Spain is no exception, as a consequence of the rapid increase inExpand
Wage Effects of Labour Migration with International Capital Mobility
Wage effects of immigration are investigated in a setting with international capital mobility, which eliminates two-thirds of the native wage-effects of immigration. Without international capitalExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 28 REFERENCES
The Impact of Immigrants on Host Country Wages, Employment and Growth
The popular belief that immigrants have a large adverse impact on the wages and employment opportunities of the native-born population of the receiving country is not supported by the empiricalExpand
The Economics of Immigration
This literature review concerns the impact of immigration on the economy of the host country focusing on the experience of the United States. The emphasis is on the period from the 1970s to theExpand
Self-Selection and the Earnings of Immigrants
This paper analyzes the way in which the earnings of the immigrant population may be expected to differ from the earnings of the native population because of the endogeneity of the migrationExpand
International Trade and Labor Migration
A theory of the relationship between international trade and labor mobility is developed that takes into account five characteristics of such migration including its temporary nature differencesExpand
Immigration and the work force: economic consequences for the United States and source areas.
Since the 1970s the striking increase in immigration to the United States has been accompanied by a marked change in the composition of the immigrant community with a much higher percentage ofExpand
On the Labor Market Effects of Immigration and Trade
In the 1980s, the wages and employment rates of less-skilled Americans fell relative to those of more-skilled workers. This paper examines the contribution of the continuing inflow of less-skilledExpand
Regional labor markets and the determinants of wage inequality
From 1972 to 1990, the United States experienced the largest increase in wage inequality of any developed country. The spread in log wages between the 90th and 10th percentiles of the male wageExpand
Consumer gains from physician immigration to the US: 1966–1971
This paper examines the impact of the 1965 liberalization of immigration restrictions on the market for physician services in the United State. Estimates of the effect of physician migration onExpand
Agglomeration and the Price of Land: Evidence from the Prefectures
We use Japanese prefectural wage and land price data to estimate the magnitude of agglomeration effects in manufacturing and finance. We also examine the range of agglomeration effects by estimatingExpand
The Resolution of the Labor Scarcity Paradox
This paper reconciles the apparently contradictory evidence about American and British technology in the first half of the nineteenth century. Past studies have focused on the writings of a number ofExpand
...
1
2
3
...