The Ecology and the Economy: What is Rational?

  title={The Ecology and the Economy: What is Rational?},
  author={Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein},
  journal={Globalization and the Environment},
  • I. Wallerstein
  • Published 1 January 2006
  • Economics
  • Globalization and the Environment
The article considers the problem of the global environmental change and its consequences. The author puts the environmentalists’ goals into the context of the geopolitical situation in the world-system and the structural features of the capitalist society. He suggests a complex view of coping with ecological difficulties, trying to combine intellectual, moral and political aspects of solving the said problems. 
The theory of unequal ecological exchange: a Marx-Odum dialectic
A world-system analysis of the ecological rift generated by capitalism requires as one of its elements a developed theory of the unequal ecological exchange between center and periphery. After
The Political Nexus between Water and Economics in Brazil: A Critique of Recent Policy Reforms
  • A. Ioris
  • Economics, Political Science
  • 2010
The reform of water policies in Brazil has involved a combination of regulatory norms and economic-incentive instruments. Nonetheless, contrary to its formal objectives, the process has largely
New Horizons: Applying Political Ecology to the Study of Environmental Justice
Over the past couple of decades, scholars working within the environmental justice paradigm and those within the political ecology orientation have tried to understand environmental problems and how
Degrowing and Democratizing the Economy
  • Economics
  • 2016
This paper investigates the transition of societal institutions in light of the climate crisis. It proceeds from an understanding of capitalism shaped by recent literature on the “metabolic rift”,
Human Agency in the Interstices of Structure: Choice and Contingency in the Conflict over Roşia Montană, Romania
Sociology has long struggled with the problem of human agency in its theoretical constructions. Systematically purged from the corpus of positivist, functionalist and rational choice theories, agency
Foreign Investment Dependence and the Environment: An Ecostructural Approach
Sociologists have long debated the impacts of foreign investment for less developed countries. However, theorization fails to articulate the potential environmental consequences of foreign investment
Participation in evolution and sustainability
The modern synthesis of genetics with evolution slanted our understanding of evolution and of ourselves by rejecting Darwin’s view of animals as participating in their own evolution. Defining
Finanzialization and Strategy. Narrative and numbers
Froud, Johal, Leaver and Williams’s book contains three extended case studies of the ways in which narratives of corporate strategy, finely subdivided into firm, industry and grand economic stories,
Beginning in the Belly, Ending in the Atmosphere: An Approach to Teaching Global Environmental History
As historian Donald Worster once remarked, “environmental history begins in the belly.”1Worster’s comment not only reflects the importance of food consumption as a multi-faceted relationship between


The environmentalism of the poor : a study of ecological conflicts and valuation
This text has the explicit intention of helping to establish two emerging fields of study - political ecology and ecological economics - whilst also investigating the relations between them. The book
The greening of Marxism
When the ecological movement emerged in the 1960s, it warned that continued consumerism and growth would lead to ecological catastrophe. This "green" philosophy represented a challenge to the basic
Marx's Ecology: Materialism and Nature
The materialist conception of nature the really earthly question parsonian naturalism the materialist conception of history the metabolism of natue and society coevolution and sustainability.
The Modern World-Systemas environmental history? Ecology and the rise of capitalism
This article considers the emergence of world environmental history as a rapidly growing but undertheorized research field. Taking as its central problematic the gap between the fertile theorizations
Our common future.
  • J. Last
  • Political Science
    Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique
  • 1987
The report sought to recapture the spirit of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment the Stockholm Conference which had introduced environmental concerns to the formal political development sphere.
The second contradiction of capitalism
(1994). The second contradiction of capitalism. Capitalism Nature Socialism: Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 105-114.
The Myrdal Legacy: Racism and Underdevelopment as Dilemmas
Wallerstein, I. The Myrdal Legacy: Racism and Underdevelopment as Dilemmas. Cooperation and Conflict, XXIV, 1989, 1-18. The legacy of Gunnar Myrdal is in his having posed in very important ways two
The Bush administration has the wind in its sails with the conquest of Iraq. It thinks it can do what it wants and will probably act on this belief for the foreseeable future. It is understandable
How Much Should a Person Consume?
Galbraith termed contemporary America as the ‘Affluent Society’ in which the single-minded pursuit of wealth led to the massive exploitation of resources and materials through the years. Contemporary
Green Imperialism: Colonial Expansion, Tropical Island Edens and the Origins of Environmentalism, 1600-1860
The colonial state and the origins of western environmentalism are discussed, as well as climate, conservation and Carib resistance: the British and the forests of the Eastern Caribbean, 1760-1800.