The Ecology and Economics of Storage in Plants

@article{Chapin1990TheEA,
  title={The Ecology and Economics of Storage in Plants},
  author={F Stuart Chapin and Ernst‐Detlef Schulze and Harold Mooney},
  journal={Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics},
  year={1990},
  volume={21},
  pages={423-447}
}
Storage is a characteristic feature of most plants, particularly perennials, and the subject has been thoroughly reviewed according to its chemistry and physiology (9, 40, 59, 80, 133, 139). However, in ecology much of the information on storage is based on observation rather than experimentation, and experiments often fail to confirm common perceptions of the nature and dynamics of stored reserves. For example, clipping studies show that not all carbohydrates are available to the plant, even… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

ASSIMILATE STORAGE IN VEGETATIVE ORGANS OF COCONUT (Cocos nucifera)
TLDR
The chemical nature, quantity and distribution of carbohydrate reserves in coconut plants grown in an environment favourable to production, and the aggregate reserve pool size was compared with estimates of incremental demand for assimilates for growth and fruit production. Expand
Nitrogen and carbohydrate storage in biennials originating from habitats of different resource availability
TLDR
The structural growth of low-resource plants is interpreted in terms of the evolutionary history of these species, which have closely related woody species in the Mediterranean area, and the use of storage products for early leaf growth determines the biomass development in the second season. Expand
Photosynthesis, Storage, and Allocation
Here we review patterns and consequences of allocation and storage of resources by plants in relation to their photosynthetic capacity. We relate these phenomena to resource availability, plantExpand
Pattern of storage and regrowth in ragwort
TLDR
It is hypothesize that the value of storage in ragwort only becomes evident after repeated disturbances, and that storage is genotype specific, but at the same time highly plastic. Expand
Effect of Nutrients on Growth Rate and Carbohydrate Storage in Oxytropis sericea: A Test of the Carbon Accumulation Hypothesis
  • T. Wyka
  • Biology, Medicine
  • International Journal of Plant Sciences
  • 2000
The pool of storage carbohydrates in plants may be formed in competition with allocation to growth (“true reserves”) or, where growth is inhibited by external factors, with no cost to growthExpand
The Resource Economy of Plant Reproduction
TLDR
This chapter discusses the main concepts and research trends in resource economical analyses of plant reproduction and focuses on four concepts: the principle of allocation, reproductive effort, reproductive allocation, and cost of reproduction. Expand
Dormant-Season Nonstructural Carbohydrate Storage
TLDR
Stored carbohydrate concentrations of stems are typically similar to that of coarse roots, with bothtissues responding similarly to environmental changes, but given that stems are much more easily accessible, they are most often sampled to assess carbon storage. Expand
The Mineral Nutrition of Wild Plants Revisited: A Re-evaluation of Processes and Patterns
TLDR
The issues of nutrient-limited plant growth and nutrient uptake, with special emphasis on the importance of the uptake of nutrients in organic form—both by mycorrhizal and by non-mycorrhIZal plants—and the influence of symbiotic nitrogen fixation are treated. Expand
Effects of disturbance regime on carbohydrate reserves in meadow plants
TLDR
It is clear that although carbohydrate concentrations at first reflect the carbohydrate mobilization needed for resprouting in response to plant damage and then the refilling of reserves thereby expended, the total carbohydrate amounts are affected by the growth of storage organs. Expand
Carbohydrate storage and use in an alpine population of the perennial herb, Oxytropis sericea
  • T. Wyka
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Oecologia
  • 1999
TLDR
While the ecological importance of stored nonstructural carbohydrates cannot be attributed to any function in isolation, winter respiration, leaf regrowth after winter, and early reproductive growth in O. sericea all depend to a significant extent on stored reserves, maintaining a large storage pool may protect these functions in years when carbon status is less favorable. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 128 REFERENCES
The accumulation and storage of nitrogen by herbaceous plants
TLDR
Nitrate and proteins are the fonns of N most often stored in vegetative tissues and, quantitatively, ribulose 1,5bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase is often the most important protein store. Expand
The Significance of Growth-Rate Comparisons for Plant Ecology
TLDR
It is now apparent that slow growth rates are characteristic of plants from at least three types of unfavorable habitat, and it seems clear that the environmental selection of plants withslow growth rates is a frequent and simple form of adaptation to limiting levels of environmental factors. Expand
Evidence for the Existence of Three Primary Strategies in Plants and Its Relevance to Ecological and Evolutionary Theory
TLDR
A triangular model based upon the three strategies of evolution in plants may be reconciled with the theory of r- and K-selection, provides an insight into the processes of vegetation succession and dominance, and appears to be capable of extension to fungi and to animals. Expand
The Carbon Balance of Plants
TLDR
This analysis will stimulate studies which will provide, for a given series of bio­ types, the total information on carbon gain, use, and loss, so that quantitative models can be derived relating to shortand long-term environmental influences. Expand
The Role of Plant Production in Microtine Cycles in Northern Fennoscandia
TLDR
The population cycles of microtine rodents in northern Finland have been continuously followed since the late 1940's and changes in food supply, local overgrazing, defence and other extrinsic factors such as predation and possibly diseases contribute to the depth of the decline. Expand
Carbohydrate reserves of grasses: a review.
TLDR
The level of carbohydrate reserves in the lower regions of the stems apparently affects the regrowth rate for the first 2 to 7 days following herbage removal, and this initial effect from the level of carbohydrates reserves can be maintained during subsequent exponential growth. Expand
TANSLEY REVIEW NO. 5 FRUCTANS AND THE METABOLISM OF SUCROSE IN VASCULAR PLANTS.
  • C. Pollock
  • Medicine, Biology
  • The New phytologist
  • 1986
TLDR
It is concluded that the complexity and variety of fructan structures and of the associated enzyme systems has resulted in an incomplete understanding of their physiology and biochemistry, but their significance as an alternative storage polysaccharide in both leaves and storage organs should not be underestimated. Expand
Plant Life Forms and Their Carbon, Water and Nutrient Relations
The vegetation of the earth is characterized by distinct zones which have a rather uniform physiognomical appearance or structure even though they may be composed of many different plant species,Expand
A seven-year study of cone production as related to xylem layers and temperature in Pinus ponderosa.
In 1955 the writer published the results of a study of the thickness of xylem layers in Pinus ponderosa and three other tree taxa, all of which were sampled near their upper and lower limits ofExpand
Reproductive Effort in Plants. 2. Does Carbon Reflect the Allocation of Other Resources?
TLDR
It is argued that carbon, because of its important energetic role in plants, tends to integrate the allocation patterns of other resources and can therefore be used as a common currency to assess allocation patterns. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...