The Ecological Relations of the Vegetation on the Sand Dunes of Lake Michigan. Part I.-Geographical Relations of the Dune Floras.

  title={The Ecological Relations of the Vegetation on the Sand Dunes of Lake Michigan. Part I.-Geographical Relations of the Dune Floras.},
  author={Henry. C. Cowles},
  journal={Botanical Gazette},
  pages={95 - 117}
  • H. Cowles
  • Published 1 February 1899
  • Geography
  • Botanical Gazette

Vegetation response to early holocene warming as an analog for current and future changes.

  • K. Cole
  • Environmental Science
    Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
  • 2010
The response of fossil plant assemblages from the Grand Canyon to the most recent rapid warming of similar magnitude that occurred at the start of the Holocene, 11,700 years ago, is examined, suggesting the potential magnitude, duration, and nature of future ecological changes and have implications for conservation plans.

A comparison of seed banks across a sand dune successional gradient at Lake Michigan dunes (Indiana, USA)

In habitats where disturbance is frequent, seed banks are important for the regeneration of vegetation. Sand dune systems are dynamic habitats in which sand movement provides intermittent

W. S. Cooper As I Knew Him: Teacher, Mentor and Friend

William Skinner Cooper played an important role in shaping American “dynamic ecology” during the first quarter of the twentieth century. A student of Henry Chandler Cowles, he became a prominent

Structure, Species Composition, and Soil Characteristics in a Chronosequence of Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) Stands on the Southern Shore of Lake Michigan

Investigation of changes in stand structure, species composition, and soil characteristics of jack pine disjunct stands on the southern shore of Lake Michigan found that seedling survival was over five times higher in moist soil near the wet pannes, and failure in formation of new panners may reduce the size of the region's jack pine population in the foreseeable future.

No Evidence of Local Adaptation in Uniola paniculata L. (Poaceae), a Coastal Dune Grass

In frequently disturbed environments such as the coastal dunes, plants may be more likely to respond with phenotypic plasticity than through local adaptation, as little is known about intraspecific evolutionary responses of species spanning the gradient.

Testing the assumptions of chronosequences in succession.

It is shown that empirical evidence invalidates the chronosequence-based sequences inferred in these classic studies, and evidence from studies that used non-chronosequences methods are reviewed to test the space-for-time substitution in four classic succession studies.


Vegetation and soil properties were described across a well-dated sand-dune chronosequence bordering northern Lake Michigan to document patterns and rates of primary succession and forest ecosystem

Warmer Temperature and Spatiotemporal Dynamics during Primary Succession on Tropical Coastal Dunes

Coastal dunes are sensitive indicators of climate change: it is expected that higher precipitation and warmer temperature will promote vegetation growth and sand stabilization. Alternatively, dunes

Patterns of Invertebrate Community Composition and Functional Structure Across a Dune Succession Gradient

The world’s most extensive freshwater sand dunes lie along the eastern shore of Lake Michigan, USA. These dunes follow a succession gradient from open canopy, grass-covered dunes to forested dunes

Knowledge about Plant Coexistence during Vegetation Succession for Forest Management on the Loess Plateau, China

Coexistence between species within plant communities is a key issue in the practice of revegetation, forest management, and biodiversity conservation. Vegetation restoration is critical to control