The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception

  title={The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception},
  author={James J. Gibson},
Contents: Preface. Introduction. Part I: The Environment To Be Perceived.The Animal And The Environment. Medium, Substances, Surfaces. The Meaningful Environment. Part II: The Information For Visual Perception.The Relationship Between Stimulation And Stimulus Information. The Ambient Optic Array. Events And The Information For Perceiving Events. The Optical Information For Self-Perception. The Theory Of Affordances. Part III: Visual Perception.Experimental Evidence For Direct Perception… 
Introduction: The ecological optics of information surfaces
J.J. Gibson’s ecological approach to visual perception (1960a, 1961, 1966, 1979) is antithesis to any picture theory of visual perception, yet it entails a most viable theory of picture perception!
Vision is arguably the most important of the human senses for a Warfighter. The purpose of visual processing is to take in information about the world around us and make sense of it (Smith and
Optic Flow: Perceiving and Acting in a 3-D World
The legacy of Gibson's conceptual ideas is evaluated and how his ideas have influenced and changed the way the authors study perception is considered.
Perspectival appearing and Gilbson's theory of visual perception
The stream of visual experience is interpreted as itself possessing a kind of perspective structure (as does the visual stimulus flux), including variant and invariant features that the visual system isolates and extracts from experience, producing the perceiver's cognitive visual “awareness-of” the environment and self in the environment.
Perspectival appearing and Gibson's theory of visual perception
Although Gibson (1979) did not explicitly discuss the perspectival appearing of the ecological environment, his important ecological approach to visual perception can accommodate both (a) the stream
Perception. Perceiving Space in Pictures
This chapter proposes a conceptual scheme for understanding visual information about space, based on the concept of ambient optic array developed by J. J. Gibson, and shows how this scheme can be used to identify key differences between spatial perception in the actual environment and spatial Perception in pictures.
Object Perception-Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology
Visual scenes tend to be very complex: a multitude of overlapping surfaces varying in shape, color, texture, and depth relative to the observer. Yet most observers effortlessly perceive that the
Fechner, information, and shape perception
This work applies the Gustav Fechner framework to psychophysical evidence to identify visual information for perceiving surfaces and contradicts other common ideas about retinal information for spatial vision and object perception.
An efferent component in the visual perception of direction and extent.
  • S. Coren
  • Psychology, Biology
    Psychological review
  • 1986
A new theory linking information extraction patterns, specifically adapted for the guidance of eye movements, to the visual perception of direction and extent is presented, and a research strategy to test for efferent involvement in visual perception in humans is presented.
Perception of Visual and Motion Cues During Control of Self-Motion in Optic Flow Environments
The research discussed in this paper focuses on the influence of physical motion and visual display field of view on the perception and control of self-motion direction in unstructured optical flow


on the various ways in which a thing can pass between the state of being visible and the state of being invis ible
  • 1969
A some what more exact descrip
  • 1964