The Eating Attitudes Test: Twenty-five years later

@article{Garfinkel2001TheEA,
  title={The Eating Attitudes Test: Twenty-five years later},
  author={Paul E. Garfinkel and Anne Newman},
  journal={Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity},
  year={2001},
  volume={6},
  pages={1-21}
}
  • P. Garfinkel, A. Newman
  • Published 1 March 2001
  • Psychology
  • Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity
This manuscript reviews the literature involved with the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT), first developed in the late 1970s as a self-report, indicative of the symptoms of eating disorders. The EAT has good psychometric properties of reliability and validity, and reasonable sensitivity and specificity for the eating disorders, but very low positive predictive value because eating disorders are relatively uncommon. In addition they exist on a continuum, because of denial and social desirability, the… 
The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26): Reliability and Validity in Spanish Female Samples
TLDR
Results from Principal and Simultaneous Component Analyses showed a unidimensional structure of the EAT-26 item scores and reliability analyses supported the internal consistency of the scale.
Eating Attitudes and Behaviours in South African Adolescents and Young Adults
TLDR
It is suggested that ethnicity per se may not ‘protect’ against the development of disordered eating attitudes and behaviours in nonwestern black populations and these findings remain tentative until future survey studies employ interviews to confirm eating disorder diagnosis.
The validity and 4-year test-retest reliability of the Brazilian version of the Eating Attitudes Test-26.
  • M. Nunes, S. Camey, M. Olinto, J. Mari
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas
  • 2005
TLDR
It is concluded that the EAT-26 exhibited low validity coefficients for sensitivity and positive predictive value, and showed a poor temporal stability, and it is reasonable to assume that these results were not influenced by the low prevalence of eating disorders in the community.
Internal consistency, convergent validity and reliability of a brief Questionnaire on Disordered Eating (DEQ)
TLDR
A new questionnaire, called the DEQ (Disordered Eating Questionnaire), brief enough to be used in epidemiological screenings, that evaluates the frequency and intensity of disordered eating attitudes and behaviours within a time frame of three months and addresses face valid questions to the general population is developed.
Discriminant Validity of the Eating Attitudes Test According to American Psychiatric Association and World Health Organization Criteria of Eating Disorders
TLDR
The results support the test as useful for identifying eating disturbances in 18-yr.-olds and suggest assessment of a cut-off lower than 30 may be appropriate in the general population if confirmed in further research with a representative sample of adults.
Psychometric characteristics of the Children's Eating Attitudes Test in a Spanish sample
Objective The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of a Catalan adapted version of the Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT). Method With a double phase-design,
Analysis of the EAT-26 in a non-clinical sample
TLDR
New light is shed on this measure and evidence that ‘Bulimia’ and ‘Food preoccupation’ factors should be maintained within the EAT-26 as important behavioral aspects of eating pathology is provided.
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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 251 REFERENCES
The factor structure and criterion validity of the short form of the Eating Attitudes Test.
TLDR
Using a sample of 809 female soldiers in their late teens, results showed that the EAT-26 is reliable, the factor structure is different from that obtained in clinical groups, and the E AT- 26 is significantly correlated with body image, weight, and diet.
A generalizability study of the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-12) in non-clinical adolescents
TLDR
The analyses suggest that acceptable generalizability is achieved by the present design on applying 4 items within 3 categories of the EAT, and alternative designs are suggested, and the utility of G-theory is discussed.
Eating Attitude Test Scores in Relation to Weight, Socioeconomic Status, and Family Stability
TLDR
Findings raised questions about the validity of viewing the slimness motive as essentially pathological in eating attitudes in a sample of 288 young adults at a community college.
The natural history of disordered eating behavior and attitudes in adult women
This paper reports a survey of the natural history of eating behavior and attitudes to weight and shape in British women attending a family planning clinic. Sixty-two women completed a battery of
The eating attitudes test and the eating disorders inventory in four Bulgarian clinical and nonclinical samples.
TLDR
Findings revealed excellent discriminant validity of the EAT total score and the three subscales and also applied to four out of eight subscales of the EDI.
Validity of the Arabic version of the Eating Attitude Test.
TLDR
EAT-26 was found to be highly sensitive and reasonably specific, like some other studies in non-Western populations, it yielded a high false positive rate and a low positive predictive value.
Personality correlates of eating attitudes in a nonclinical sample
Few studies have investigated the relationship between eating history, attitudes and/or behaviors, and personality in nonclinical populations. This is a report of a serendipitous finding with 122
Eating attitudes and behaviours in a swiss student sample: Some preliminary results
This paper reports the results of a pilot study of eating attitudes and behaviours of 150 female and male students, 15-20 years of age. Screening with the EAT-26 revealed 6.4 per cent of the 78 girls
Screening for abnormal eating attitudes and psychiatric morbidity in an unselected population of 15-year-old schoolgirls.
TLDR
The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) have been validated in an unselected population of 15-year-old South London schoolgirls and found to be an efficient screening instrument for abnormal eating attitudes and behaviour.
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