The Earliest Horse Harnessing and Milking

@article{Outram2009TheEH,
  title={The Earliest Horse Harnessing and Milking},
  author={A. Outram and Natalie A. Stear and R. Bendrey and Sandra L. Olsen and A. Kasparov and V. Zaibert and N. Thorpe and R. Evershed},
  journal={Science},
  year={2009},
  volume={323},
  pages={1332 - 1335}
}
Horse domestication revolutionized transport, communications, and warfare in prehistory, yet the identification of early domestication processes has been problematic. Here, we present three independent lines of evidence demonstrating domestication in the Eneolithic Botai Culture of Kazakhstan, dating to about 3500 B.C.E. Metrical analysis of horse metacarpals shows that Botai horses resemble Bronze Age domestic horses rather than Paleolithic wild horses from the same region. Pathological… Expand

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The Secondary Products Revolution, Horse-Riding, and Mounted Warfare
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From the Eurasian Steppes to the Roman Circuses: A Review of Early Development of Horse Breeding and Management
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