The Domestication Process and Domestication Rate in Rice: Spikelet Bases from the Lower Yangtze

@article{Fuller2009TheDP,
  title={The Domestication Process and Domestication Rate in Rice: Spikelet Bases from the Lower Yangtze},
  author={Dorian Q. Fuller and Ling Qin and Yunfei Zheng and Zhijun Zhao and Xugao Chen and Leo Aoi Hosoya and Guoping Sun},
  journal={Science},
  year={2009},
  volume={323},
  pages={1607 - 1610}
}
The process of rice domestication occurred in the Lower Yangtze region of Zhejiang, China, between 6900 and 6600 years ago. Archaeobotanical evidence from the site of Tianluoshan shows that the proportion of nonshattering domesticated rice (Oryza sativa) spikelet bases increased over this period from 27% to 39%. Over the same period, rice remains increased from 8% to 24% of all plant remains, which suggests an increased consumption relative to wild gathered foods. In addition, an assemblage of… Expand

Topics from this paper

Rice bulliform phytoliths reveal the process of rice domestication in the Neolithic Lower Yangtze River region
Abstract Recent studies have shown that the proportion of rice bulliform phytoliths with ≥9 fish-scale decorations can be used as a criterion to differentiate wild rice from its domesticatedExpand
The Early Rice Project: From Domestication to Global Warming
The Early Rice Project, at the UCL Institute of Archaeology, is clarifying the origins of Asian rice agriculture. In the Lower Yangtze region of China, we have found the tipping point whenExpand
The origin of rice cultivation in the Lower Yangtze Region, China
About the former half of the sixth millennium bc (Kuahuqiao culture) settlement area expanded to alluvial lowlands in the lower Yangtze region, and during the fifth millennium bc (Hemudu culture),Expand
Rice Domestication Revealed by Reduced Shattering of Archaeological rice from the Lower Yangtze valley
TLDR
Rice spikelet bases from Huxi and other sites indicate that rice underwent continuing selection for reduced shattering and japonica rice characteristics, confirming a prolonged domestication process for rice. Expand
Multiple indicators of rice remains and the process of rice domestication: A case study in the lower Yangtze River region, China
TLDR
Results indicate that the process of rice domestication in the lower Yangtze River region lasted as long as ca. Expand
Phytoliths and rice: from wet to dry and back again in the Neolithic Lower Yangtze
Abstract The cultivation of rice has had a major impact on both societies and their environments in Asia, and in China in particular. Phytolith assemblages from three Neolithic sites in the LowerExpand
Morphological trend analysis of rice phytolith during the early Neolithic in the Lower Yangtze
TLDR
The result of this study indicates the evolution from wild rice to domestic rice occur between 12,000 and 7000 cal. Expand
Barnyard grasses were processed with rice around 10000 years ago
TLDR
Evidence of phytolith and starch microfossils taken from stone tools suggest that early managed wetland environments were initially harvested for multiple grain species including barnyard grasses as well as rice, and indicate that the emergence of rice as the favoured cultivated grass and ultimately the key domesticate of the Yangtze basin was a protracted process. Expand
Rice carbonization and the archaeobotanical record: experimental results from the Ban Chiang ethnobotanical collection, Thailand
Our paper addresses the complex set of issues affecting rice grain preservation at archaeological sites. Through a set of carefully controlled carbonization experiments using wild and domesticatedExpand
Pathways of Rice Diversification across Asia
The archaeology of rice has made important methodological advances over the past decade that have contributed new data on the domestication process, spread and ecology of cultivation. GrowingExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
Presumed domestication? Evidence for wild rice cultivation and domestication in the fifth millennium BC of the Lower Yangtze region
TLDR
It is proposed that, at least for the Lower Yangtze region, the advent of rice domestication around 4000 BC was preceded by a phase of pre-domestication cultivation that began around 5000 BC, and the implications for sedentism and the spread of agriculture as a long term process are discussed. Expand
Rice Domestication by Reducing Shattering
TLDR
It is shown that human selection of an amino acid substitution in the predicted DNA binding domain encoded by a gene of previously unknown function was primarily responsible for the reduction of grain shattering in rice domestication. Expand
Contrasting Patterns in Crop Domestication and Domestication Rates: Recent Archaeobotanical Insights from the Old World
  • D. Fuller
  • Biology, Geography
  • Annals of botany
  • 2007
TLDR
Data suggest that in domesticated grasses, changes in grain size and shape evolved prior to non-shattering ears or panicles, suggesting a need to reconsider the role of sickle harvesting in domestication. Expand
Characteristics of the short rachillae of rice from archaeological sites dating to 7000 years ago
The abscission layer formed on a pedicel situated at the basal part of a short rachilla is an important characteristic for discriminating between wild, japonica, and indica rice. The short rachillaeExpand
The Complex History of the Domestication of Rice
TLDR
The evolutionary history of rice is complex, but recent work has shed light on the genetics of the transition from wild (O. rufipogon and O. nivara) to domesticated rice, indicating that different populations are fixed for different networks of alleles conditioning these traits. Expand
How Fast Was Wild Wheat Domesticated?
TLDR
Analysis of archaeological plant remains demonstrate that indehiscent domesticates were slow to appear, emerging ~9500 years before the present, and that dehiscent (shattering) forms were still common in cultivated fields ~7500 yearsbefore the present. Expand
6. Domestication rates in wild‐type wheats and barley under primitive cultivation
TLDR
The results indicate that in wild-type crops of einkorn, emmer and barley domestication will have occurred only if they were harvested in a partially ripe (or near-ripe) state using specific harvesting methods, and given these requirements, the crops could have become completely domcsticated within two centuries, and maybe in as little as 20–30 years without any form of conscious selection. Expand
Fire and flood management of coastal swamp enabled first rice paddy cultivation in east China
TLDR
It is established that rice cultivation began in coastal wetlands of eastern China, an ecosystem vulnerable to coastal change but of high fertility and productivity, which was maximized for about two centuries by sustained high levels of cultural management of the environment. Expand
The Occurrence of Cereal Cultivation in China
This paper examines the progress and remaining problems on the occurrence of cereal cultivation in China, which led to agriculture, and discusses some related theoretical issues. Based on currentlyExpand
The Puzzle of Rice Domestication
TLDR
Two models to reconcile apparently conflicting evidence regarding rice domestication are proposed: the snow-balling model considers a single origin of cultivated rice and the combination model considers multiple origins of cultivated Rice. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...