The Dodo and the Red Hen, A Saga of Extinction, Misunderstanding, and Name Transfer: A Review

  title={The Dodo and the Red Hen, A Saga of Extinction, Misunderstanding, and Name Transfer: A Review},
  author={Anthony S. Cheke and Jolyon C. Parish},
The chronology of observations of two extinct flightless birds in 17th century Mauritius, the dodo (Raphus cucullatus) and the red hen (Aphanapteryx bonasia), and what names or descriptions were used for them, is re-examined. It was concluded that the balance of probabilities is strongly against birds called dodaarsen without descriptions in the 1680s being dodos rather than red hens. The dodo had disappeared earlier due to predation by pigs, but a hiatus in settlement broke observational… 
Societal extinction of species.
The Oxford Dodo. Seeing more than ever before: X-ray micro-CT scanning, specimen acquisition and provenance
3D visualisation revealed 115 metal particles embedded within the bone of the skull, concentrated in the left side of the skulls, leading to the conclusion that they represent lead shot consistent with the bird being shot from the rear right of the head, perhaps with a ventral component.


The dodo, the deer and a 1647 voyage to Japan
More has been written about the iconic Dodo Raphus cucullatus of Mauritius than any other extinct bird, yet despite its familiarity, only a few specimens were exported from Mauritius; individual
Flightless birds: When did the dodo become extinct?
This work uses a statistical method to establish the actual extinction time of the dodo as 1690, almost 30 years after its most recent sighting.
Palaeobiology: Dutch diaries and the demise of the dodo
New historical data derived from records of hunting caches are analysed, which confirm that specimens of R. cucullatus were collected regularly for at least 26 years beyond 1662, and a new extinction date is calculated, which differs by only three years from that calculated by Roberts and Solow but which greatly narrows the confidence interval.
The Dodo and the Solitaire: A Natural History
The literature on dodos and solitaires is large and sprawling and concerns such things as nautical history and postRenaissance art as much as ornithology and the accession records of natural history collections.
The history of the Dodo Raphus cucullatus and the penguin of Mauritius
All aspects of the dodo's ecological history, contemporary accounts and illustrations, importation of specimens and fossil record are examined, and evidence is provided to suggest that many conclusions based on the available data are problematic.
Speculation, statistics, facts and the Dodo's extinction date
Recent accessible manuscripts indicating that the Dutch settlers in Mauritius saw no Dodos during 1664–1674 reinforce the view that the Dodo Raphus cucullatus was driven to extinction on mainland Mauritius in the 1640s and on an offshore refuge in 1662.
The journal of the flagship Gelderland – dodo and other birds on Mauritius 1601
Examination of the bird illustrations reveals further hidden pencil sketches beneath the finished inks and provides extra information about morphology, and suggests that Joris Joostensz Laerle was the principal artist involved: a second, unidentified artist's contribution is minimal.
Dead as a dodo: the fortuitous rise to fame of an extinction icon
This review indicates that although some ecological and evolutionary factors may have given the Dodo an increased chance of becoming famous, these factors are offset by a much greater series of serendipitous events, emphasising the importance of contingence and the fundamental lack of inevitability in historical processes.