The Disease of the Moon: The Linguistic and Pathological Evolution of the English Term “Lunatic”

@article{Riva2011TheDO,
  title={The Disease of the Moon: The Linguistic and Pathological Evolution of the English Term “Lunatic”},
  author={Michele Augusto Riva and Lucio Tremolizzo and Mauro Spicci and Carlo Ferrarese and Giovanni De Vito and Giancarlo Cesana and Vittorio A. Sironi},
  journal={Journal of the History of the Neurosciences},
  year={2011},
  volume={20},
  pages={65 - 73}
}
The public opinion and the scientific community incorrectly believe that the English term “lunatic” was originally related only to insanity, but it also referred to epileptic people. The aim of this article is to clarify the original meaning of the English word “lunatic” by analyzing the evolution of the relationship between psychiatric and neurological diseases and by pointing out the influence of the moon in the history of medicine, in popular traditions, and in English literature. The… 

Art and epilepsy surgery

From sadness to stiffness: the spleen’s progress

TLDR
This paper retrace the fundamental steps of the discovery of the functions of the spleen, and proposes spleen morphology, in particular spleen stiffness, has been proposed as a marker of portal hypertension.

Does a Full Moon or Super Moon Have An Influence on Humans and Animals ?

  • Medicine
  • 2017
TLDR
Noah syndrome being a variant of Diogenes syndrome has many characteristics in common with the disorder, characterized by extreme hoarding behaviour, denial of the need for external intervention and social norms, social withdrawal and a resistance to change.

Madras Lunatic Asylum: A Remarkable History in British India

TLDR
The function of the Madras lunatic asylum is revealed as an example of providing reception to both Europeans and Indians since its inception and paved a new vista of psychiatry even in a colonial context.

‘ Il Sonnambulo ’ by Michele Carafa : A Forgotten Romantic Opera with Sleepwalking

Romantic operas provide a useful tool for historians to understand the perception of some medical disorders that existed during the nineteenth century. Somnambulism was still a mysterious condition

‘Il Sonnambulo' by Michele Carafa: A Forgotten Romantic Opera with Sleepwalking

TLDR
The analysis of this forgotten opera supports the contention that studying operas can shed light on medical theories and practices, and on how ideas about mind and body disorders were transmitted to the laity in times past.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 46 REFERENCES

The Byzantine Physicians on Epilepsy

TLDR
It is surprising that there was a concurrent opinion during all this medieval period that epilepsy was strictly an organic disease of the brain and the demonic origin of it a prejudice of uneducated people.

Epilepsy, psychiatry, and neurology

TLDR
The relationship between the psychiatry and neurology of epilepsy, especially in the last 100 years, is reviewed, led in some respects by epilepsy, which has provided several useful models of mental illness and a bridge between the two disciplines.

The moon and madness reconsidered.

[Derangement of the mind in the Paracelsus tract "Liber de lunaticis Theophrasti"].

TLDR
The Paracelsian concept of lunatic deterioration can be regarded as an historic example that deals with an integrative approach towards the description of psychiatric disorders.

The Falling Sickness: A History of Epilepsy from the Greeks to the Beginnings of Modern Neurology

TLDR
The falling sickness a history of epilepsy from the greeks to the beginnings of modern neurology is one book that the authors really recommend you to read, to get more solutions in solving this problem.

Lunar phases and seizure occurrence: Just an ancient legend?

TLDR
A significant clustering of seizures around the full moon period was observed, supporting the ancient belief of periodic increased seizure frequency during full-moon days.

Does the lunar phase have an effect on sudden unexpected death in epilepsy?

Influence of Lunar Phases on Suicide: The End of a Myth? A Population‐Based Study

TLDR
There was a weak association between the absent moon and choice of a non‐violent suicide method in men aged less than the median of 40.2 yrs, and there was no evidence of a relationship between suicide and lunar phase.

Association of environmental factors with the onset of status epilepticus

Sleepwalking in Italian Operas: A Window on Popular and Scientific Knowledge on Sleep Disorders in the 19th Century

TLDR
The backgrounds of medical knowledge on somnambulism in the 19th century is described by analysing its representation in two famous Italian operas, La Sonnambula by Vincenzo Bellini and Macbeth by Giuseppe Verdi, to understand the gradual evolution of theories on sleepwalking.