The Discovery of Cosmic Rays: Rivalries and Controversies between Europe and the United States

  title={The Discovery of Cosmic Rays: Rivalries and Controversies between Europe and the United States},
  author={M. De Maria and Maria Grazia Ianniello and A Russo},
  journal={Historical Studies in The Physical and Biological Sciences},

A terminological history of early elementary particle physics

  • H. Kragh
  • Physics
    Archive for History of Exact Sciences
  • 2022
By 1933, the class of generally accepted elementary particles comprised the electron, the photon, the proton as well as newcomers in the shape of the neutron, the positron, and the neutrino. During

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Beautiful destruction The aesthetic of apocalypse in Hans Dominik's early science fiction

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International Scientific Cooperation During the 1930s. Bruno Rossi and the Development of the Status of Cosmic Rays into a Branch of Physics

A glimpse of the intersection between national and international dimensions during the 1930s is provided, at a time when the study of cosmic rays was still very much in its infancy, strongly interlaced with nuclear physics, and full of uncertain, contradictory, and puzzling results.

The discovery of cosmic rays or the problem of the atmospheric ionization)

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The large electron model: the classical background of Compton effect

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Walther Bothe and Bruno Rossi: The birth and development of coincidence methods in cosmic-ray physics

With the advent of the Geiger-Muller counter in the late 1920s, the nature of cosmic rays became accessible to exper- imentation. When used single as cosmic-ray detectors, these devices did not have

Nationalism and internationalism in science: the case of the discovery of cosmic rays

AbstractThe discovery of cosmic rays, a milestone in science, comprised of scientists in Europe and North America and took place during a period characterised by nationalism and lack of


The aim of this paper is to analyse the processes by which a number of new elementary particles were discovered and accepted by the scientific community in the years before World War II. Many popular

"Into Hostile Political Camps": The Reorganization of International Science in World War I

IN 1946 HUGO R. KRUYT, the president of the International Council of Scientific Unions, warned the delegates at the opening of the organization's first postwar meeting that they would do well to

Über Beobachtungen der durchdringenden Strahlung bei sieben Freiballonfahrten

Last year I had the opportunity to investigate the penetrating radiation during two balloon flights. I reported on the first of these to the scientific meeting of Karlsruhea In both flights no

High Frequency Rays of Cosmic Origin I. Sounding Balloon Observations at Extreme Altitudes

Discharge rate of an electroscope at altitudes from 5 to 15.5 km.—Four specially designed instruments, each comprising a recording electroscope, thermometer and barometer and each weighing but 190 gr

High altitude tests on the geographical, directional, and spectral distribution of cosmic rays

Intensity of cosmic rays in the high Andes.—Depth-ionization readings taken in Lake Miguilla, Bolivia (alt. 4570 m) and on Lake Titicaca (3820 m) agreed closely with observations in the northern