The Disadvantages of Monotheism for a Universal State

  title={The Disadvantages of Monotheism for a Universal State},
  author={Arnaldo Momigliano},
  journal={Classical Philology},
  pages={285 - 297}
F we want to know what the Roman Empire was and why in the East it survived until 1453, we must of course turn to military history, not to religious history. In the past, states and especially empires have survived because they were capable of defending themselves and offending their enemies. Whether it will be different in the future is the task of the future historian to establish. What is self-evident to the historians of ancient Rome is the superiority of the Roman war machine if judged by… 

Unearthly Powers

Why was religion so important for rulers in the pre-modern world? And how did the world come to be dominated by just a handful of religious traditions, especially Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism?

Monotheism, Henotheism, Megatheism: debating pre-Constantinian religious change

  • R. Gordon
  • Philosophy
    Journal of Roman Archaeology
  • 2014
For two generations now, the dominant paradigm for the study of ancient religion has been in a loose sense anthropological or transactional: that is, it takes religious action — whether in the form

The Long Shadow of Constantine

The fifth-century Christian writer Sozomen of Constantinople preserves a story told by certain pagans about the philosopher Sopater of Apamea, whom the emperor Constantine put to death in a.d. 333 on

Beyond Categorization: "Pagan Monotheism" and the Study of Ancient Religion

The term “pagan monotheism” was coined to describe monotheistic tendencies in Greco-Roman religion. Its usefulness has been strongly disputed on various grounds: for introducing a cognitive

Constantine the Populist

  • K. Cooper
  • History
    Journal of Early Christian Studies
  • 2019
Abstract:It has long been acknowledged that although the reign of Constantine (d. 337 c.e.) brought new prosperity to the Christian churches, it was also an age of ever-escalating division. This

Geopolitical Theology: Economy, Religion, and Empire after 9/11

In this chapter I shall first of all argue that there is much to be learnt from the thesis of neo-Marxists concerning the always partially economic character of international relations. However, I

5. “There Is No Crime for Those Who Have Christ”

  • M. Gaddis
  • History
    There Is No Crime for Those Who Have Christ
  • 2019
Preface and Acknowledgments List of Abbreviations Introduction 1. "What Has the Emperor to Do with the Church?" Persecution and Martyrdom from Diocletian to Constantine 2. "The God of the Martyrs

The Two Forms of Religion: Being and Nothingness

  • Philosophy
    Unearthly Powers
  • 2019
Again and again, historians and anthropologists articulate what is distinctive about religion as it functions in the particular society they study – in terms that could in fact apply to most

The Language of the Gods in the World of Men: Sanskrit, Culture, and Power in Premodern India

List of Maps Preface and Acknowledgments Introduction Culture, Power, (Pre)modernity The Cosmopolitan in Theory and Practice The Vernacular in Theory and Practice Theory, Metatheory, Practice,

Monotheism and Polytheism

  • J. Assmann
  • Philosophy
    Religions of the Ancient World
  • 2004
“Monotheism” and “polytheism” are recent words, not older than the 17th century ce, and they have different statuses. Monotheism is a general term for religions that confess to and worship only one