The Dirty Work of Promoting “Recycling” of America's Sewage Sludge

  title={The Dirty Work of Promoting “Recycling” of America's Sewage Sludge},
  author={Caroline Snyder},
  journal={International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health},
  pages={415 - 427}
  • Caroline Snyder
  • Published 1 October 2005
  • Economics
  • International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Abstract Serious illnesses, including deaths, and adverse environmental impacts have been linked to land application of sewage sludge. EPA and the wastewater treatment industry have worked with Congress to fund wastewater trade associations to promote land application, supporting industry-friendly scientists and discouraging independent research, to prevent local governments from restricting land application and to thwart litigation against municipalities and the industry. 
Suitability of public records for evaluating health effects of treated sewage sludge in North Carolina.
Records from the Division of Water Quality would be of limited use in epidemiologic studies of the health effects of land application of biosolids, but additional information is needed for health investigations.
Management and Remediation of Problem Soils, Solid Waste and Soil Pollution
Soils with serious constraints to cultivation and that need special management techniques and practices are called as problem soils. These constraints may be physical such as dryness, wetness,
Wastewater and Sludge Reuse Management in Agriculture
Huge quantities of treated wastewater (TMWW) and biosolids (sludge) are produced every day all over the world, which exert a strong pressure on the environment. An important question that is raised
Pyrolyzed municipal sewage sludge ensured safe grain production while reduced C emissions in a paddy soil under rice and wheat rotation
Soil amendment of pyrolyzed sewage sludge could be a measure for climate smart soil and for safe grain production in rice agriculture and it deserves further study if repeated amendment could exert sustainable impacts on soil health and food security in the paddy.
Treatment Methods for Contaminated Soils-Translating Science into Practice
With the rise of concrete buildings and roads, one part of the Earth that we rarely see is the soil. The plants that feed us grow in soil and keeping it healthy is essential for maintaining a
Heavy metal levels in soil samples from highly industrialized Lagos environment
The effect of heavy metals on the environment is of serious concern and threatens life in all forms. Environmental contamination is correlated with the degree of industrialization and intensities of
Petroleum Products Spillage and Its Effect on Soil at Mbalim Gwer East Benue State Nigeria
Soil samples were studied  to provide information  on the level of damage ( if any) done as  petroleum products were spilled  from  vandalized pipelines 10 years after . Petroleum products are
Effect of urbanisation and industrialization on water and soil of Dehradun and its Suburban areas
Hydrochemical study of surface and ground water were performed for determining its suitability for drinking, industrial and agricultural purposes. In this study, the evaluation of various
Assessing the potential risks of industrial soil of highly industrialized and less cities on plant growth
Heavy metals are due to accumulate over time in the soils thereby act as a sink reservoir from which toxicants are released to the groundwater and eventually for the uptake by plants. This study was


A High-Level Disinfection Standard for Land-Applied Sewage Sludges (Biosolids)
To prevent acute health effects, it is recommended that the current system of classifying sludges based on indicator pathogen levels be replaced with a single high-level disinfection standard and that methods used to treatsludges be improved to reduce levels of irritant chemicals, especially endotoxins.
Flame retardants: Persistent pollutants in land-applied sludges
High concentrations of an environmentally persistent class of organic pollutants, brominated diphenyl ethers (BDEs), in 'biosolids' from four different regions of the United States suggest that the environmental consequences of land application of biosolids need further investigation.
Land application of sewage sludges: an appraisal of the US regulations
This paper was published in the peer reviewed INT. J. OF ENVIRONMENT AND POLLUTION, 1999, Vol. 11 No. 1 pp 1-36. The journal is available in both hard copy and on-line PDF format. For more
Investigation of Alleged Health Incidents Associated with Land Application of Sewage Sludges
  • E. Harrison, S. R. Oakes
  • Environmental Science
    New solutions : a journal of environmental and occupational health policy : NS
  • 2002
Analysis of the limited data suggests that surface-applied Class B sludges present the greatest risk and should be eliminated, however, even under less risky application scenarios, the potential for off-site movement of chemicals, pathogens, and biological agents suggests that their use should be elimination.
Pathogen risks from applying sewage sludge to land.
Despite complaints of related illnesses, little is known about the dangers of spreading biosolids on land.
Organic Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Land-Applied Sewage Sludge (Biosolids)
Modern wastewater treatment greatly ameliorates the release to the aquatic environment of pollutants present in industrial and residential discharges. How- ever, the recycling of sewage sludge (also
National survey of elements and other constituents in municipal sewage sludges
Fifty-nine elements, poly chlorinated biphenyls, volatile N-nitrosamines and gamma emission were determined in 30 sewage sludges from 23 American cities using several analytical methods. Relatively