The Dilemma of Plants: To Grow or Defend

@article{Herms1992TheDO,
  title={The Dilemma of Plants: To Grow or Defend},
  author={Daniel A. Herms and William J. Mattson},
  journal={The Quarterly Review of Biology},
  year={1992},
  volume={67},
  pages={283 - 335}
}
Physiological and ecological constraints play key roles in the evolution of plant growth patterns, especially in relation to defenses against herbivores. Phenotypic and life history theories are unified within the growth-differentiation balance (GDB) framework, forming an integrated system of theories explaining and predicting patterns of plant defense and competitive interactions in ecological and evolutionary time. Plant activity at the cellular level can be classified as growth (cell… 

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