The Diffusion of Nonviolent Campaigns

  title={The Diffusion of Nonviolent Campaigns},
  author={Kristian Skrede Gleditsch and Mauricio Rivera},
  journal={Journal of Conflict Resolution},
  pages={1120 - 1145}
Existing research has uncovered strong geographical clustering in civil war and a variety of diffusion mechanisms through which violence in one country can increase the risk of outbreaks in other countries. Popular coverage of nonviolent protest often emphasizes regional waves like the 1989 revolutions in Eastern Europe and the Arab Spring. However, most research on nonviolence focuses only on features within countries affecting motivation and opportunities, and we know little about the… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Words and deeds
Dissidents can choose among different tactics to redress political grievances, yet violent and nonviolent mobilization tend to be studied in isolation. We examine why some countries see the emergenceExpand
Nonviolence beyond the state: International NGOs and local nonviolent mobilization
Studies of nonviolence have taught us much about what makes nonviolence successful, emphasizing the importance of local circumstance and strategy. Little attention has been given to the effect ofExpand
Learning about principles or prospects for success? An experimental analysis of information support for nonviolent resistance
The color revolutions in Eastern Europe and the recent waves of protests in the Middle East and North Africa show that nonviolent conflicts, like violent conflicts, spread across countries. ScholarsExpand
Words and deeds: From incompatibilities to outcomes in anti-government disputes
Dissidents can choose among different tactics to redress political grievances, yet violent and nonviolent mobilization tend to be studied in isolation. We examine why some countries see the emergenceExpand
Ethnic Conflict and the Limits of Nonviolent Resistance
Abstract Recent research shows that campaigns of nonviolent resistance are much more successful in producing radical political change than armed rebellion. I argue that the study of nonviolentExpand
Accounting for Numbers: Group Characteristics and the Choice of Violent and Nonviolent Tactics
Scholars have shown that nonviolent movements tend to be more successful than violent movements. A key explanation is that nonviolent movements have a mobilization advantage over violent campaigns.Expand
Mobilization, Repression and the Choice between Violent and Nonviolent Tactics
Why do some dissident groups employ violent tactics, while others prefer nonviolence to pursue similar goals, and why do they switch tactics after embracing one? To address these questions, I analyzeExpand
What We (Do Not) Know about the Diffusion of Democracy Protests
In “Why Democracy Protests Do Not Diffuse,” we examine whether or not countries are significantly more likely to experience democracy protests when one or more of their neighbors recently experiencedExpand
Activists Against Autocrats: TSMO Networks and Democratic Diffusion
Do transnational social movement organizations (TSMOs) promote the international diffusion of democracy? If so, how? Scholars of democratization have studied a plethora of international factors inExpand
Strategies of Resistance: Diversification and Diffusion
Why do organizations choose to use nonviolence? Why do they choose specific nonviolent tactics? Existing quantitative work centers on mass nonviolent campaign, but much of the nonviolence employed inExpand


Unpacking nonviolent campaigns
Recent studies indicate that strategic nonviolent campaigns have been more successful over time in achieving their political objectives than violent insurgencies. But additional research has beenExpand
Understanding nonviolent resistance
The events of the Arab Spring of 2011 have made clear the importance and potential efficacy of nonviolent resistance, as well as the field’s inability to explain the onset and outcome of majorExpand
Does Information Lead to Emulation? Spatial Dependence in Anti-Government Violence
This study examines whether acts of anti-government violence exhibit spatial dependence across state boundaries. In other words, to what extent can acts of anti-government violence in one country beExpand
Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict
The historical record indicates that nonviolent campaigns have been more successful than armed campaigns in achieving ultimate goals in political struggles, even when used against similar opponentsExpand
Manufacturing Dissent
A growing research field examines the conditions under which major nonviolent resistance campaigns—that is, popular nonviolent uprisings for regime or territorial change—are successful. Why theseExpand
Diffusion and the International Context of Democratization
Democracy does not evolve sui generis. The spatial clustering in democracy and transitions suggests that international factors play a prominent role in forging democracies as well as influencingExpand
Refugees and the Spread of Civil War
Certain regions of the world experience more conflict than others. Previous analyses have shown that a civil war in one country significantly increases the likelihood that neighboring states willExpand
Transborder Ethnic Kin and Civil War
Abstract A series of studies has shown that civil wars are caused not only by factors inside countries, but also by effects operating across state borders. Whereas a first wave of quantitativeExpand
All International Politics is Local: The Diffusion of Conflict, Integration, and Democratization
How does regional interdependence influence the prospects for conflict, integration, and democratization? Some researchers look at the international system at large and disregard the enormousExpand
Mutiny and nonviolence in the Arab Spring
Recent studies of civil resistance indicate that security force defections can heavily influence the outcome of nonviolent uprisings against authoritarian regimes. Yet we know little about why, when,Expand