The Diet of Inmates

@article{Cook2015TheDO,
  title={The Diet of Inmates},
  author={Emma A Cook and Yee Ming Lee and B. Douglas White and Sareen S. Gropper},
  journal={Journal of Correctional Health Care},
  year={2015},
  volume={21},
  pages={390 - 399}
}
Given the many well-documented relationships between diet and health, growing medical care expenses for those incarcerated, and limited information on foods served in correctional facilities, this study examined the nutritional adequacy of a 28-day cycle menu used in a large county jail in Georgia. When compared with Dietary Reference Intakes, provisions of energy (female inmates only), sodium, saturated fat, and cholesterol exceeded recommendations. Magnesium, potassium, and vitamins A, D, and… 

Tables from this paper

Implementation of Dietary Reference Intake Standards in Prison Menus in Poland
TLDR
There is a need for development of more accurate legal provisions to regulate the nutrition in Polish prisons in terms of not only the energy value and macronutrient supply but also the intake of minerals and vitamins.
Dietary Habits, Diet Quality, Nutrition Knowledge, and Associations with Physical Activity in Polish Prisoners: A Pilot Study
TLDR
The level of physical activity of the surveyed prisoners was not significantly correlated with their dietary habits, the quality of their diet, or their nutrition knowledge, and the relationships between these levels were not analyzed.
Medical nutrition therapy in Canadian federal correctional facilities
TLDR
Professional associations, government, researchers and other stakeholders can help to strengthen corrections-based MNT by fostering shifts in thinking about the role of health practitioners in these contexts, preparing future health professionals with the specialized skills needed to work in these environments, generating evidence that can best inform practice, and cultivating collaborations aimed at crime prevention, successful societal reintegration, and the reduction of recidivism.
Sodium content of menu and commissary provisions in rural jail exceeds heart-healthy dietary recommendations.
TLDR
Sodium provisions from a seven-day cycle menu and commissary at a rural Southwest County jail is determined and compared to Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) recommendations for sodium.
Understanding Weight Change while Incarcerated: Qualitative Groundwork for a Collaborative Health Intervention
TLDR
Interviewing incarcerated men and women, as well as correctional facility staff to parse the barriers and facilitators to maintaining a healthy weight on the inside form the groundwork for a collaborative health intervention to address weight gain and weight maintenance in a U.S. correctional facility.
Cardiovascular risk factors in people deprived of their liberty: an integrative review.
TLDR
The most frequent risk factors for cardiovascular disease in persons deprived of their liberty were those classified as modifiable in the prison setting, and these factors are enhanced due to an environment with little modification of these opportunities.
One-fourth of the prisoners are underweight in Northern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
TLDR
The burden of underweight was higher among prisoners in Tigray region who had respiratory tract infections, and environmental health interventions of the prison setups should be urgently implemented to correct the uncovered nutritional problem and its associated factors for improving the health status of prisoners.
Carceral nutrition: Prison food and the biopolitics of dietary knowledge in the neoliberal prison
Abstract Based on a case study of Washington State prison food policy and practice, this article traces the use of nutritionism as an enabling epistemology of mass incarceration in the neoliberal era

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 10 REFERENCES
What Are We Feeding Our Inmates?
  • Shayda A Collins, S. Thompson
  • Medicine
    Journal of correctional health care : the official journal of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care
  • 2012
TLDR
Analysis of nutritional value of prison meals in South Carolina revealed higher levels of cholesterol, sodium, and sugar and lower levels of fiber, magnesium, potassium, vitamin D, and vitamin E than recommended.
Prison foodservice in Australia : systems, menus and inmate attitudes
TLDR
Results are presented from three studies in 25 custodial facilities in three Australian states, including nutrient analyses of menus and focus groups exploring inmate attitudes, which found menus included adequate variety and met most nutritional standards, with the possible exception of fruit.
Food provision and the nutritional implications of food choices made by young adult males, in a young offenders' institution.
  • A. Eves, B. Gesch
  • Medicine
    Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association
  • 2003
TLDR
The nutritional adequacy of diets provided by a prison was assessed by analysis of the kitchen menu for 1 week of a 4-week cycle using a predefined 7-day diet diary.
The diet of prisoners in England
TLDR
Results show that, with the exception of some nutrients, prisoners have access to and are able to choose a nutritionally balanced diet and in the main do so.
Vitamin D intake and risk of cardiovascular disease in US men and women.
TLDR
It is suggested that a higher intake of vitamin D is associated with a lower risk of CVD in men but not in women, and further research is needed to confirm these findings.
Prevalence of chronic medical conditions among jail and prison inmates in the USA compared with the general population
TLDR
Jail and prison inmates had a higher burden of most chronic medical conditions than the general population even with adjustment for important sociodemographic differences and alcohol consumption.
Potassium, Magnesium, and Calcium: Their Role in Both the Cause and Treatment of Hypertension
TLDR
The roles of potassium, magnesium, and calcium in the prevention and treatment of essential hypertension with specific emphasis on clinical trial evidence, mechanism of action, and recommendations for dietary intake of these minerals are discussed.
Vitamin D and African Americans.
  • S. Harris
  • Medicine
    The Journal of nutrition
  • 2006
TLDR
Clinicians and educators should be encouraged to promote improved vitamin D status among blacks (and others) because of the low risk and low cost of vitamin D supplementation and its potentially broad health benefits.
Magnesium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women.
TLDR
The findings suggest a significant inverse association between magnesium intake and diabetes risk, which supports the dietary recommendation to increase consumption of major food sources of magnesium, such as whole grains, nuts, and green leafy vegetables.
Effects of vitamin D and calcium supplementation on pancreatic β cell function, insulin sensitivity, and glycemia in adults at high risk of diabetes: the Calcium and Vitamin D for Diabetes Mellitus (CaDDM) randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
In adults at risk of type 2 diabetes, short-term supplementation with cholecalciferol improved β cell function and had a marginal effect on attenuating the rise in Hb A(1c).