The Diabetes Empowerment Scale: a measure of psychosocial self-efficacy.

@article{Anderson2000TheDE,
  title={The Diabetes Empowerment Scale: a measure of psychosocial self-efficacy.},
  author={Robert M. Anderson and Martha Mitchell Funnell and James T. Fitzgerald and David G. Marrero},
  journal={Diabetes care},
  year={2000},
  volume={23 6},
  pages={
          739-43
        }
}
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the validity, reliability, and utility of the Diabetes Empowerment Scale (DES), which is a measure of diabetes-related psychosocial self-efficacy. [] Key Method To establish validity, DES subscales were compared with 2 previously validated subscales of the Diabetes Care Profile (DCP). Factor and item analyses were conducted to develop subscales that were coherent, meaningful, and had an acceptable coefficient alpha.

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