The Development of Self-Esteem

  title={The Development of Self-Esteem},
  author={Ulrich R. Orth and Richard W. Robins},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  pages={381 - 387}
  • U. OrthR. Robins
  • Published 1 October 2014
  • Psychology
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science
In this article, we review new insights gained from recent longitudinal studies examining the development of self-esteem and its influence on important life outcomes. The evidence supports the following three conclusions. First, self-esteem increases from adolescence to middle adulthood, peaks at about age 50 to 60 years, and then decreases at an accelerating pace into old age; moreover, there are no cohort differences in the self-esteem trajectory from adolescence to old age. Second, self… 

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