The Development of Self-Control of Emotion: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Influences

  title={The Development of Self-Control of Emotion: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Influences},
  author={Nathan A. Fox and Susan D. Calkins},
  journal={Motivation and Emotion},
In this paper, we review evidence that supports the notion that intrinsic and extrinsic factors contribute to the development of self-control of emotions. Intrinsic factors include the infant's temperament, and cognitive processes such as attention and inhibitory control. Extrinsic factors involve the caregiving environment, sibling and peer relationships, and cultural expectations regarding emotional displays. Integrative approaches to the study of the development of self-control of emotion… 

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Origins and outcomes of individual differences in emotion regulation.

  • S. Calkins
  • Psychology
    Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
  • 1994
In this essay, a general hypothetical pathway to emotion regulation and dysregulation comprising interactions among a number of internal and external factors thought to impinge on the emotion regulation process has been proposed.

Annotation: Recent research examining the role of peer relationships in the development of psychopathology.

  • K. Deater-Deckard
  • Psychology
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 2001
This Annotation highlights recent research on the role of peer group and friendship factors in the development of psychopathology in childhood and adolescence, including the examination of heterogeneity in developmental processes, further investigation of gender-based norms, and the application of multi-level modeling techniques and gene-environment process models.

Antecedents of self-regulation: A developmental perspective.

The emerging ability to comply with caregivers' dictates and to monitor one's own behavior accordingly signifies a major growth of early childhood. However, scant attention has been paid to the

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Fear and anger regulation in infancy: effects on the temporal dynamics of affective expression.

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Emotion regulation: influences of attachment relationships.

  • J. Cassidy
  • Psychology
    Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
  • 1994
It has been proposed here that one influence on individual differences in emotion regulation may be a child's attachment history, and the role of social factors in examining the link between emotion regulation and attachment is focused on.

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Emotion regulation: a theme in search of definition.

  • R. Thompson
  • Psychology
    Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
  • 1994
A perspective on how emotionregulation should be defined, the various components of the management of emotion, how emotion regulation strategies fit into the dynamics of social interaction, and how individual differences in emotion regulation should be conceptualized and measured is offered.