The Development of Gender Achievement Gaps in Mathematics and Reading During Elementary and Middle School

  title={The Development of Gender Achievement Gaps in Mathematics and Reading During Elementary and Middle School},
  author={Joseph P. Robinson and Sarah Theule Lubienski},
  journal={American Educational Research Journal},
  pages={268 - 302}
Using K–8 national longitudinal data, the authors investigate males’ and females’ achievement in math and reading, including when gender gaps first appear, whether the appearance of gaps depends on the metric used, and where on the achievement distribution gaps are most prevalent. Additionally, teachers’ assessments of males and females are compared. The authors find no math gender gap in kindergarten, except at the top of the distribution; however, females throughout the distribution lose… 

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