The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS): normative data and latent structure in a large non-clinical sample.

@article{Crawford2003TheDA,
  title={The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS): normative data and latent structure in a large non-clinical sample.},
  author={John R. Crawford and Julie D. Henry},
  journal={The British journal of clinical psychology},
  year={2003},
  volume={42 Pt 2},
  pages={
          111-31
        }
}
OBJECTIVES To provide UK normative data for the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) and test its convergent, discriminant and construct validity. DESIGN Cross-sectional, correlational and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). METHODS The DASS was administered to a non-clinical sample, broadly representative of the general adult UK population (N = 1,771) in terms of demographic variables. Competing models of the latent structure of the DASS were derived from theoretical and empirical… 

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