The Democratic Peace and Rivalries

  title={The Democratic Peace and Rivalries},
  author={Paul R. Hensel and Gary Goertz and Paul F. Diehl},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  pages={1173 - 1188}
This article reexamines the democratic peace in a longitudinal fashion. We extend the democratic peace proposition beyond isolated militarized disputes or wars to longer term interstate rivalries. Rivalries of all types are rare among democratic dyads; there is only one case of enduring rivalry between consistently democratic states, and most conflictual relationships between democracies remain confined to isolated conflict. Second, we assess the effect of regime change on rivalry behavior when… 

Toward a Multiprocess Model of Rivalry and the Democratic Peace

In this paper we examine recent efforts to combine quantitative research on the democratic peace with research on interstate rivalry. Using Monte Carlo simulations, we highlight problems with

The democratic embargo: regime type and proxy war

Democracies rarely fight interstate wars against one another, but democratic dyads frequently engage in hostile acts short of war, such as militarized interstate disputes and the backing of coups. Do

Democratic development and increased militarism in East and Southeast Asian rivalries

This article asks the simple question of why East and Southeast Asian rivals have experienced a sharp increase in military activity despite their decisive shift to democracy. To explain this puzzle,

Regime Change and Conflict Recidivism within Rivalry: Interludes in Disputes†

How does regime change affect the risk of militarized disputes? Within the democratic peace literature, there is disagreement over whether it is democratization, autocratization, political

External threat and the limits of democratic pacifism

Scholars widely recognize that democratic dyads are associated with lower hazards of armed conflict and more efficient conflict resolution. Many attempts have been made to challenge the notion of

Regime Similarity and Rivalry

Explanations for the democratic peace have developed along two broad lines: those that focus on democratic-specific mechanisms and those that focus on institutional similarity mechanisms. We test

The Democratic Peace Theory

It has been argued that the absence of war between democratic states ‘comes as close as anything we have to an empirical law in international relations.’[1] Although statistically the probability of

Clear and Clean: The Fixed Effects of the Liberal Peace

In their article in this issue, Donald P. Green, Soo Yeon Kim, and David H. Yoon claim, contrary to liberal theory and extensive evidence, that neither joint democracy nor economic interdependence

Holy Trinities, Rivalry Termination, and Conflict

In this article we attempt to correct a number of gaps in the current literature on strategic rivalry. First, we argue that liberal and realist theories of conflict and cooperation have been

The China–India Rivalry Reconceptualized

Abstract This article aims to refocus the theoretical debate on the rising China–India rivalry by using the conceptual framework of ‘enduring international rivalries’. Largely neglected by



The Controversy over the Democratic Peace: Rearguard Action or Cracks in the Wall?

  • Z. Maoz
  • Political Science
    International Security
  • 1997
I The democratic peace proposition has emerged as the conventional wisdom of the 1990s in international political research. This result states that (1) democracies are as war and conflict prone as

Democracy and the Peaceful Settlement of International Conflict.

The research reported here develops an explanation for the often-noted absence of international war between democratic states. This explanation is derived from a theoretical rationale centered on

Democracy and Compromise in Militarized Interstate Conflicts, 1816-1992

Research has documented that democratic nations are about 30 times less likely to originate interstate wars and about 3 times less likely to originate militarized interstate disputes among themselves

The empirical importance of enduring rivalries

This article explores the empirical significance of the concept of enduring rivalries for the study of international conflict. We examine whether conflict occurring in enduring rivalries was more

Democracy and militarized interstate conflict, 1816–1965

An investigation of the relationship between “joint democracy” and militarized interstate conflict over the period 1816–1965 at the dyadic level confirms the inhibitory effect of democracy reported

The Insignificance of the Liberal Peace

This article challenges "The Liberal Peace" described in work by Michael Doyle from three standpoints. First, it questions whether the statistical tests (which were performed and published by

The Democratic Peace

In their introduction to the Fall 1994 issue on the democratic peace, the editors of International Security called it (p. 3) "the conventional wisdom."' If it has become conventional wisdom, or seems

Rethinking Democracy and International Peace: Perspectives from Political Psychology

The intent of this article is to expand our understanding of the “zone of peace” that appears to surround democracies by proposing several explanations derived from psychological theories. These

Evolution in Democracy-War Dynamics

This article explores the evolutionary and endogenous relationship between democracy and war at the system level. Building on Kant, the authors argue that the rules and norms of behavior within and

The Initiation and Termination of Enduring Rivalries: The Impact of Political Shocks

Theory: Breaking the stability of interstate conflictual relationships requires a dramatic change in the environment of those relationships. Hypotheses: The beginning and end of enduring rivalries