The Delphi method?

  title={The Delphi method?},
  author={Jackie Crisp and Dianne Pelletier and Christine Duffield and Anne Adams and Sue Nagy},
  journal={Nursing research},
  volume={46 2},
The Delphi method was originally developed in the 50s by the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, California. This approach consists of a survey conducted in two or more rounds and provides the participants in the second round with the results of the first so that they can alter the original assessments if they want to-or stick to their previous opinion. Nobody 'looses face' because the survey is done anonymously using a questionnaire (the first Delphis were panels). It is commonly assumed that… Expand
An exploration of the use of Delphi methodology in housing satisfaction studies
The Delphi technique has become generally accepted in the past decade by a broad range of institutions, government departments, and policy research organizations. The Delphi method was originallyExpand
[What is the Delphi method? Strengths and shortcomings].
This article provides a condensed discussion and explanation of the Delphi method, a technique used for problem solving and decision making originally developed during the cold war by the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California in the 1950's and 1960's. Expand
Current validity of the Delphi method in social sciences
Abstract The Delphi method is a popular technique for forecasting and an aid in decision-making based on the opinions of experts, which has been in existence for over half a century. This workExpand
Achieving Consensus Deal with Methodological Issues in the Delphi Technique
The results showed that there is no general agreement on using indexes in different rounds of Delphi technique; however, according to the frequencies of using indexesIn different studies, the following suggestions are presented. Expand
Demystifying the Delphi Method
This chapter explores the Delphi Method’s origin, provides an explanation of the methodology, acknowledges the types and variations in Delphi studies, discusses the advantages and limitations, and provides clear, step-by-step guidelines for employing a successful research study. Expand
III.B. 4. A Delphi Evaluation of Agreement between Organizations
Results will be presented that indicate that no such bias occurred in the Delphi reported on and it appears that the particular groups of experts used were able to rise above the desire to protect personal interests. Expand
Is the Delphi method valid for business ethics? A survey analysis
Although Delphi has come a long way in the development of the method itself, or even in business organisation, it has not been used at all in business ethics. To fill this gap, we have reviewed theExpand
This paper performed a literature review and presented a step-by-step guide for implementing the Delphi technique, describing a structure of theDelphi process, major principles of Delphi, experts’ selection, Delphi types, ways of establishing consensus, validity of the method among others. Expand
he purpose of this paper is to explore and provide extended details on the Delphi technique research design. The focus was primarily on the doctoral student researcher audience because the DelphiExpand
The Delphi Method (El Metodo Delphi)
This teaching note explains a method to obtain consensus among the members of a group, the well known Delphi Method, which is useful to close the gap between the total ignorance regarding a fact or situation and a disciplined guess. Expand


The decision Delphi
If Delphi is used as a prognostic tool in the social sciences, it runs the danger of producing a self-fulfilling prophecy. In a Delphi application conducted at the Austrian Academy of Sciences aboutExpand
The Delphi technique: a comparison of results obtained using two expert panels.
  • C. Duffield
  • Medicine
  • International journal of nursing studies
  • 1993
A study in which two panels of experts were asked to identify the competencies expected of first-line nurse managers using the Delphi technique and the level at which consensus was achieved was defined as the point at which 10% or less of the 168 competencies provided to the panel moved above or below this point of inclusion. Expand
Delphi: A reevaluation of research and theory
Abstract This paper examines critically the Delphi technique to determine whether it succeeds in alleviating the “process loss” typical of interacting groups. After briefly reviewing the technique,Expand
An Evaluation of Delphi
The literature concerning quantitative applications of the Delphi method is reviewed. No evidence was found to support the view that Delphi is more accurate than other judgment methods or thatExpand
Stability and agreement criteria for the termination of Delphi studies
It is proposed that a χ2 test be used to test the stability of responses between rounds of Delphi rounds, and demonstrated by a numerical example. Expand
An Experimental Application of the Delphi Method to the Use of Experts
This paper gives an account of an experiment in the use of the so-called DELPHI method, which was devised in order to obtain the most reliable opinion consensus of a group of experts by subjectingExpand
The Delphi technique: a critique.
  • C. Goodman
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Journal of advanced nursing
  • 1987
The development of the Delphi technique, as a survey method of research, and examples of its use are described. The technique's key characteristics, anonymity, use of experts and controlled feedback,Expand
Analyses from a group opinion study
An article in the last issue of FUTURES described a series of experiments at RAND that compared the Delphi procedures with face-to-face interaction in the formulation of group judgements. StudentsExpand
Changes: the Delphi technique adapted for classroom evaluation of clinical placements.
  • B. Beech
  • Medicine
  • Nurse education today
  • 1991
The design of a classroom exercise 'Changes' was an attempt to overcome undesirable features of post-allocation evaluation of clinical areas and involved the student nurses in identifying changes that they would wish to make if returning to the clinical areas. Expand
An experimental study of group opinion
This report describes the results of an extensive set of experiments, conducted at RAND, concerned with evaluating the effectiveness of the Delphi procedures for formulating group judgements. TheExpand