The Definition of El Niño Kevin

  title={The Definition of El Ni{\~n}o Kevin},
  author={E. Trenberth},
  • E. Trenberth
  • Published 1997
A review is given of the meaning of the term “El Niño” and how it has changed in time, so there is no universal single definition. This needs to be recognized for scientific uses, and precision can only be achieved if the particular definition is identified in each use to reduce the possibility of misunderstanding. For quantitative purposes, possible definitions are explored that match the El Niños identified historically after 1950, and it is suggested that an El Niño can be said to occur if 5… CONTINUE READING
Highly Influential
This paper has highly influenced 119 other papers. REVIEW HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL CITATIONS

From This Paper

Figures, tables, and topics from this paper.

Explore Further: Topics Discussed in This Paper


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 381 extracted citations

Dynamics-Adapted Cone Kernels

SIAM J. Applied Dynamical Systems • 2015
View 14 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Interannual variability and predictability of the Indian Summer Monsoon – El Niño Southern Oscillation system

Pascal TERRAY Directeur de thèse LOCEAN, Sébastien MASSON Co - Directeur de thèse LOCEAN Thèse
View 6 Excerpts
Highly Influenced


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-7 of 7 references

Signal versus noise in the Southern Oscillation

K. E. Trenberth
Mon. Wea. Rev., • 1984
View 6 Excerpts
Highly Influenced

Progress during TOGA in understanding and modeling global teleconnections associated with tropical sea surface temperatures

G. W. Branstator, D. Karoly, A. Kumar, N.-C. Lau, C. Ropelewski

Interdecadal changes in El Niño onset in the last four decades

B. Wang
View 1 Excerpt

El Niño, the Southern Oscillation, and ENSO: Confusing names for a complex ocean–atmosphere interaction

P. Aceituno
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., • 1992
View 2 Excerpts

The Southern Oscillation. Part VII: Meteorological anomalies over the Indian and Pacific sectors associated with the extremes of the oscillation

John Wiley, Sons, G. N. 491 pp. Kiladis, H. van Loon
M . Wea . Rev . • 1988

An extension of the Tahiti–Darwin Southern Oscillation Index

Fish. Bull, C. F. 663–678. Ropelewski, P. D. Jones

Historical trends and statistics of the Southern Oscillation, El Niño, and Indonesian droughts

W. H. 120–136. Quinn, D. O. Zopf, K. S. Short, R.T.W. Yang Kuo
Fish . Bull . • 1978
View 1 Excerpt

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…