The Declaration of Helsinki, CIOMS and the ethics of research on vulnerable populations

  title={The Declaration of Helsinki, CIOMS and the ethics of research on vulnerable populations},
  author={Deborah Zion and Lynn Gillam and Bebe Loff},
  journal={Nature Medicine},
In an attempt to broaden the current debate over proposed revisions to the Declaration of Helsinki, we define vulnerable subjects as those lacking basic rights, and examine the ethical risks inherent in research on such subjects. We then propose special ethical criteria for the conduct and publication of research on vulnerable subjects. 
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