The Decision to Carry

  title={The Decision to Carry},
  author={Briggs Depew and Isaac D. Swensen},
  journal={The Journal of Human Resources},
  pages={1121 - 1153}
Despite persistent debate on the role of concealed-carry legislation, decisions to legally carry concealed handguns are not well understood. Using detailed data on concealed-carry permit applications, we explore whether individuals apply for concealed-carry permits in response to crime. We find that recent homicides increase applications in areas relatively near to the incident. The effects are driven by gun-related homicides and are more pronounced for white, male, and Republican applicants… Expand
6 Citations
Concealed handgun licenses in Tennessee: an examination of factors predicting permits at the county-level
ABSTRACT This study examines county-level predictors of Tennessee Handgun Carry Permit (THCP) rates for Tennessee. Using the 2011 Tennessee Handgun Carry database, supplemented by the 2009 UniformExpand
Protective Gun Ownership as a Coping Mechanism
  • N. Buttrick
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2020
The coping model of protective gun ownership is proposed and it is argued that those who own their weapon for protection are using their gun symbolically as an aid to manage psychological threats that come from their belief that the world is a dangerous place and that society will not keep them safe. Expand
Firearm Sales and the COVID-19 Pandemic
A record 3.7 million firearm background checks were completed in March, 2020, the month that the United States began responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. Using monthly state-level data, we show thatExpand
Firearm purchasing during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in households with teens: a national study
Firearms purchased at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic were more likely to go to homes where at least one firearm was stored loaded and unlocked, which may contribute to increased risk for teen firearm injury and death. Expand


Concealed-gun-carrying laws and violent crime: evidence from state panel data
A recent study concludes that permissive concealed-handgun carrying (or "shall-issue") laws have sharply reduced crime rates, including the rate of homicide. Their method has been critiqued byExpand
The Concealed-Handgun Debate
Dan A. Black and Daniel S. Nagin state that my article with David Mustard assumes that the effect of concealed-handgun laws is constant over time, that the effect is the same across states, that theExpand
Crime, Deterrence, and Right‐to‐Carry Concealed Handguns
Using cross‐sectional time‐series data for U.S. counties from 1977 to 1992, we find that allowing citizens to carry concealed weapons deters violent crimes, without increasing accidental deaths. IfExpand
Does the Right to Carry Concealed Handguns Deter Countable Crimes? Only a Count Analysis Can Say*
An analysis of the effects of right‐to‐carry laws on crime requires particular distributional and structural considerations. First, because of the count nature of crime data and the low number ofExpand
The effect of concealed handgun laws on crime: beyond the dummy variables
So far 33 states have adopted right-to-carry concealed handgun laws. The advocates argue these laws have a deterrent effect on crime, while the opponents believe they facilitate crime by increasingExpand
Criminal Deterrence, Geographic Spillovers, and the Right to Carry Concealed Handguns
Increased law enforcement or penalties may deter crime, but they may also cause criminals to move to other crimes or other areas. This paper examines whether the adopting a shall issue concealedExpand
Circling the Welcome Wagons: Area, Income, Race, and Legal Handgun Concealment
Using data from Louisiana State Police records on concealed weapon permits, this article analyzes factors related to regional differences in rates of handgun permit holding. Although protection fromExpand
Right‐to‐Carry Concealed Weapon Laws and Homicide in Large U.S. Counties: The Effect on Weapon Types, Victim Characteristics, and Victim‐Offender Relationships*
Recently, a number of states have enacted laws that allow citizens to carry concealed weapons. This “natural experiment” was analyzed by John Lott and David Mustard, who found that theseExpand
Carrying Firearms for Protection: A Causal Model
The authors develop a causal model of the determinants of carrying firearms for protection. It is argued that the examination of carrying a gun as a dependent variable is methodologically moreExpand
Gun Self-Defense and Deterrence
Recent research on the prevalence of defensive gun use has prompted growing concern that government efforts to regulate gun ownership and use may be counterproductive. Estimates of defensive gun useExpand