The Debate About Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation: Protests and Accusations Do Not Alter the Results

@article{Cameron1996TheDA,
  title={The Debate About Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation: Protests and Accusations Do Not Alter the Results},
  author={Judy. Cameron and W. David Pierce},
  journal={Review of Educational Research},
  year={1996},
  volume={66},
  pages={39 - 51}
}
A prevailing view in education and social psychology is that rewards decrease a person’s intrinsic motivation. However, our meta-analysis (Cameron & Pierce, 1994) of approximately 100 studies does not support this position. The only negative effect of reward occurs under a highly restricted set of conditions, circumstances that are easily avoided. These results have not been well received by those who argue that rewards produce negative effects under a wide range of conditions. Lepper, Keavney… Expand
Extrinsic Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation in Education: Reconsidered Once Again
The finding that extrinsic rewards can undermine intrinsic motivation has been highly controversial since it first appeared (Deci, 1971). A meta-analysis published in this journal (Cameron & Pierce,Expand
Book Review: Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Rewards, and Divergent Views of Reality
The long-standing debate over whether extrinsic rewards undermine intrinsic motivation and the more recent debate regarding the costs and benefits of performance goals are central issues addressed inExpand
Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Rewards, and Divergent Views of Reality
The long-standing debate over whether extrinsic rewards undermine intrinsic motivation and the more recent debate regarding the costs and benefits of performance goals are central issues addressed inExpand
Revisiting the Role of Rewards in Motivation and Learning: Implications of Neuroscientific Research
Rewards have been examined extensively by both psychologists and neuorscientists and have become one of the most contentious issues in social and educational psychology. In psychological research,Expand
Motivation through incentives: A cross-disciplinary review of the evidence
Over the last decades, the accounting and control literature has featured much studying of and debate about the role and designing of incentives. Over the last year or so, the debate over incentivesExpand
Intrinsic motivation in a new light
Economics is solidly based on the workings of incentives. Extra rewards will increase and extra costs will decrease the frequency of a particular type of behavior. In sociology, Weber had pointed toExpand
THE EFFECTS OF EXTERNAL REWARDS ON INTRINSIC MOTIVATION
For over 30 years now, there has been an intense debate on the effects of external rewards on intrinsic motivation. The answer to this question appears to depend on two properties of a reward:Expand
Effects of extrinsic reward conditions on students' intrinsic motivation : implications for teachers
This research paper is a review of literature on the effects of rewards on intrinsic motivation. Two recent metaanalytic studies are reviewed and compared in terms of their conflicting findings.Expand
Motivation: Effect of Extrinsic Factor on Intrinsic Motivation
Doing an activity for its inherent satisfaction rather than for its consequences which is very crucial for open ended cognitive development is Intrinsic Motivation. To be motivated means to be movedExpand
Extrinsic Reinforcement in the Classroom: Bribery or Best Practice
Abstract The debate over the effects of the use of extrinsic reinforcement in classrooms, businesses, and societal settings has been occurring for over 30 years. Some theorists have cautioned againstExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES
Affect and the overjustification effect.
The Overjustification effect describes a phenomenon whereby a person who performs an intrinsically interesting activity for an expected, external reward sometimes decreases his or her subsequentExpand
Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Rewards: A Commentary on Cameron and Pierce’s Meta-Analysis
This article provides a critical analysis of Cameron and Pierce’s (1994) meta-analytic review of the experimental literature on the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation. It isExpand
Reinforcement, Reward, and Intrinsic Motivation: A Meta-Analysis
This article reviews research on the effects of reinforcement/reward on intrinsic motivation. The main meta-analysis included 96 experimental studies that used between-groups designs to compareExpand
Cognitive Evaluation Theory: A meta-analytic review of the literature
Rewards have been shown to impair performance of a reinforced behavior. The work surrounding these detrimental effects of rewards has not been met with unanimous support. Does this phenomenonExpand
When Paradigms Clash: Comments on Cameron and Pierce’s Claim That Rewards Do Not Undermine Intrinsic Motivation
Cameron and Pierce’s (1994) conclusion that rewards do not pose a threat to intrinsic motivation is a misrepresentation of the literature based on a flawed meta-analysis. Their call to abandonExpand
The Effect of External Reward on Interest and Quality of Task Performance in Children of High and Low Intrinsic Motivation.
LOVELAND, KATHRYN KERNODLE, and OLLEY, J. GREGORY. The Effect of External Reward on Interest and Quality of Task Performance in Children of High and Low Intrinsic Motivation. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 1979,Expand
The Effects of Extrinsic Rewards of Differential Value on High and Low Intrinsic Interest.
McLoYD, VONNIE C. The Effects of Extrinsic Rewards of Differential Value on High and Low Intrinsic Interest. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 1979, 50, 1010-1019. This study examined the effects of a high-valueExpand
How hard is hard science, how soft is soft science? The empirical cumulativeness of research.
" Research results in the social and behavioral sciences are often conceded to be less replicable than research results in the physical sciences. However, direct empirical comparisons of theExpand
The overjustification effect: A meta‐analysis
This article reports the results of a meta-analysis using 50 experimental studies (256 effect sizes) of the overjustification effect. In general, we found support for the effect across age, dependentExpand
Eating as the "Means" Activity in a Contingency: Effects on Young Children's Food Preference.
BIRCH, LEANN LIPPS; MARLIN, DIANE WOLFE; and ROTTER, JULIE. Eating as the "Means" Activity in a Contingency: Effects on Young Children's Food Preference. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 1984, 55, 431-439. ParentsExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...