The Cretaceous-Tertiary biotic transition

@article{Macleod1997TheCB,
  title={The Cretaceous-Tertiary biotic transition},
  author={N Macleod and Peter Franklin Rawson and Peter L. Forey and Fred T Banner and Marcelle Boudagher-Fadel and Paul R. Bown and Jackie A. Burnett and Paul Chambers and Stephen J. Culver and Susan E. Evans and Charlotte H. Jeffery and Michael A. Kaminski and Alan R. Lord and Angela C. Milner and Andrew R C Milner and Noel J. Morris and Elliott OwenE. Owen and Brian Roy Rosen and Andrew B.T. Smith and Paul D. Taylor and Elspeth Urquhart and Jeremy R. Young},
  journal={Journal of the Geological Society},
  year={1997},
  volume={154},
  pages={265 - 292}
}
Mass extinctions are recognized through the study of fossil groups across event horizons, and from analyses of long-term trends in taxonomic richness and diversity. Both approaches have inherent flaws, and data that once seemed reliable can be readily superseded by the discovery of new fossils and/or the application of new analytical techniques. Herein the current state of the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) biostratigraphical record is reviewed for most major fossil clades, including: calcareous… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The end-cretaceous mass extinction in the marine realm: year 2000 assessment
  • G. Keller
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2001
Novel paleoecology of a postextinction reef: Famennian (Late Devonian) of the Canning basin, northwestern Australia
  • R. Wood
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2000
Reefs are widely supposed to be particularly susceptible to mass-extinction events, and to survive only as low-diversity, remnant communities dominated by holdover or disaster taxa. Famennian (Late
Palaeoecology of a post‐extinction reef: Famennian (Late Devonian) of the Canning Basin, north‐western Australia
  • R. Wood
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2004
Reefs were decimated by the Frasnian/Famennian (Late Devonian) mass extinction event (371 Ma), and are assumed to have survived only as depauperate calcimicrobial communities dominated by disaster
Calcareous nannoplankton evolution and diversity through time
Planktic microfossils arguably provide the most complete (stratigraphic and taxonomic) record of biodiversity of any group of organisms. The phytoplankton record is of particular significance as it
The last dinosaurs of Brazil: The Bauru Group and its implications for the end-Cretaceous mass extinction.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that there was a diversity of dinosaurs, of varying body sizes, diets, and ecological roles, that survived to the very end of the Cretaceous in Brazil, including a core fauna of titanosaurian sauropods and abelisaurid and carcharodontosaurid theropod, along with a variety of small-to-mid-sized theropods.
Explosive diversification of marine fishes at the Cretaceous–Palaeogene boundary
TLDR
This work uses targeted enrichment of >1,000 ultraconserved elements in conjunction with a divergence time analysis to resolve relationships among 120 major acanthomorph lineages and provide a new timescale for acanthomorphic radiation in the wake of the K–Pg boundary.
Cretaceous–Lower Paleogene ostracods from the Pelotas Basin, Brazil
TLDR
This faunal study suggests a neritic marine environment for the analysed interval and identifies the genera Cytherella, Paracypris, Wichmannella and Actinocythereis, which are recorded in the Cretaceous as well as the Paleogene.
The End-Cretaceous Extinction and Ecosystem Change
Examination of fossil plant–insect associations in the continental realm and trace fossils in the marine realm provide considerable data for understanding organismic response to major ecological
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 238 REFERENCES
Biogeography of cretaceous/tertiary (k/t) planktic foraminifera
As a result of the process‐level connections between biogeography, systematics, and ecology, analyses of the spatial distribution of organisms across major extinction events can be used to probe the
The cretaceous-tertiary boundary in New Zealand
Abstract The succession of fossils across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in New Zealand is similar to that described in most other parts of the world. The Haumurian Stage is marked by a typically
Competition, clade replacement, and a history of cyclostome and cheilostome bryozoan diversity
TLDR
The ecological context for competition between the two clades was evaluated, the history of absolute family diversity for bryozoans in consecutive geologic stages was updated, and the dynamics of bryozoan clade replacement may be perceived differently at different ecologic scales or taxonomic ranks were assessed.
The importance of phylogenetic analysis for the assessment of species turnover: a case history of Paleocene mammals in North America*
During the latest Cretaceous and the Paleocene in western North America, disappearance rates for mammalian genera track appearance rates, both reaching their peak in the early Paleocene (Puercan)
End-Cretaceous Brachiopod Extinctions in the Chalk of Denmark
The results of a detailed study of the brachiopods of the most complete Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in Denmark, Nye Kl∅v, show an extinction pattern for this marine invertebrate group compatible
Extinction and survivorship of southern Tethyan Benthic foraminifera across the Cretaceous/Palaeogene boundary
Abstract The benthic foraminiferal record from the Cretaceous/Palaeogene boundary stratotype of El Kef, Tunisia, shows a succession of three distinct assemblages. The late Maastrichtian upper bathyal
Selective extinction and survival across the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary in the northern Atlantic Coastal Plain
The inner Atlantic Coastal Plain in New Jersey and the Delmarva Peninsula is underlain by an Upper Cretaceous-lower Tertiary sequence of marine and paralic sand, clay, and glauconitic beds.
Calcareous nannofossils at the K-T boundary, El Kef: No evidence for stepwise, gradual, or sequential extinctions
A detailed quantitative study of well-preserved nannofossil assemblages in closely spaced samples across the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary at El Kef, Tunisia, reveals no extinctions of
Antarctic Paleogene Planktonic Foraminifer Biostratigraphy: ODP Leg 113|Sites 689 and 690
ODP Leg 113 drilled the first nearly continuous pre-Neogene calcareous biogenic sequence from the Antarctic Ocean at Sites 689 and 690. At 65°S, these are probably the highest latitude calcareous
...
...