The Creation of tribalism in Southern Africa

@article{Vail1989TheCO,
  title={The Creation of tribalism in Southern Africa},
  author={Leroy Vail},
  journal={African Studies Review},
  year={1989},
  volume={32},
  pages={147-148}
}
  • L. Vail
  • Published 1 December 1989
  • History
  • African Studies Review
Despite a quarter century of "nation building," most African states are still driven by ethnic particularism--commonly known as "tribalism." The stubborn persistence of tribal ideologies despite the profound changes associated with modernization has puzzled scholars and African leaders alike. The bloody hostilities between the tribally-oriented Zulu Inkhata movement and supporters of the African National Congress are but the most recent example of tribalism's tenacity. The studies in this… 

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