The Cost of Torture: Evidence from the Spanish Inquisition

@article{Hassner2020TheCO,
  title={The Cost of Torture: Evidence from the Spanish Inquisition},
  author={Ron E. Hassner},
  journal={Security Studies},
  year={2020},
  volume={29},
  pages={457 - 492}
}
Abstract Empirical evidence on contemporary torture is sparse. The archives of the Spanish Inquisition provide a detailed historical source of quantitative and qualitative information about interrogational torture. The inquisition tortured brutally and systematically, willing to torment all who it deemed as withholding evidence. This torture yielded information that was often reliable: witnesses in the torture chamber and witnesses that were not tortured provided corresponding information about… 
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