The Cosmological Woes of Newtonian Gravitation Theory

  title={The Cosmological Woes of Newtonian Gravitation Theory},
  author={J. Norton},
Historical and Philosophical Aspects of the Einstein World
This article presents a brief review of some historical and philosophical aspects of Einstein's 1917 paper 'Cosmological Considerations in the General Theory of Relativity', a landmark work thatExpand
Einstein’s 1917 static model of the universe: a centennial review
Abstract We present a historical review of Einstein’s 1917 paper ‘Cosmological Considerations in the General Theory of Relativity’ to mark the centenary of a key work that set the foundations ofExpand
Was Newtonian Cosmology Really Inconsistent
This paper follows up a debate as to the consistency of Newtonian cosmology. Whereas Malament [(1995). Is Newtonian cosmology really inconsistent? Philosophy of Science 62, 489–510] has shown thatExpand
Emergence Without Limits: the Case of Phonons
Abstract Recent discussions of emergence in physics have focussed on the use of limiting relations, and often particularly on singular or asymptotic limits. We discuss a putative example of emergenceExpand
Kant, Schlick and Friedman on Space, Time and Gravity in Light of Three Lessons from Particle Physics
Kantian philosophy of space, time and gravity is significantly affected in three ways by particle physics. First, particle physics deflects Schlick’s General Relativity-based critique of synthetic aExpand
One hundred years of the cosmological constant: from “superfluous stunt” to dark energy
Abstract We present a centennial review of the history of the term known as the cosmological constant. First introduced to the general theory of relativity by Einstein in 1917 in order to describe aExpand
Einstein's Physical Strategy, Energy Conservation, Symmetries, and Stability: "but Grossmann & I believed that the conservation laws were not satisfied"
Recent work on the history of General Relativity by Renn, Sauer, Janssen et al. shows that Einstein found his field equations partly by a physical strategy including the Newtonian limit, theExpand
First-order cosmological perturbations engendered by point-like masses: all scales covered
In the framework of the concordance cosmological model the first-order scalar and vector perturbations of the homogeneous background are derived without any supple- mentary approximations in additionExpand
Space-time Philosophy Reconstructed via Massive Nordstr\"om Scalar Gravities? Laws vs. Geometry, Conventionality, and Underdetermination
Klein-Gordon gravity, 1920s-30s particle physics, and 1890s Neumann-Seeliger modified gravity suggest a "graviton mass term" *algebraic* in the potential. Unlike Nordstr\"om's "massless" theory,Expand
On the vacuum energy of the universe at the galaxy level, the cosmological level and the quantum level
It is shown that the Lambda component in the cosmological Lambda-CDM model can be conceived as vacuum energy, consisting of gravitational particles subject to Heisenberg’s energy-time uncertainty.Expand


A Source Book
Is Newtonian Cosmology Really Inconsistent?
John Norton has recently argued that Newtonian gravitation theory (at least as applied to cosmological contexts where one envisions the possibility of a homogeneous mass distribution throughout allExpand
The Force of Newtonian Cosmology: Acceleration Is Relative
Faisant suite a l'article precedent intitule «Is Newtonian cosmology realy inconsistent?» («Philosophy of science», 62, 4, pp.489-510), l'A. montre que les formulations traditionnelles de la theorieExpand
General covariance and the foundations of general relativity: eight decades of dispute
Einstein offered the principle of general covariance as the fundamental physical principle of his general theory of relativity and as responsible for extending the principle of relativity toExpand
Inertia, Gravitation and Metaphysics
Several variant "Newtonian" theories of inertia and gravitation are described, and their scientific usefulness discussed. An examination of these theories is used to throw light on traditionalExpand
From the Closed World to the Infinite Universe.
Contents: Preface IntroductionI. The Sky and the Heavens Nicholas of Cusa and Marcellus PaligeniusII. The New Astronomy and the New Metaphysics N. Copernicus, Th. Digges, G. Bruno and W. GilbertIII.Expand
1. The phenomenon of the expansion of the universe has usually been discussed by students of relativity by means of the concept of ‘expanding space’. This concept, though mathematically significant,Expand