The Correlations between Planetary Nebula Morphology and Central Star Evolution. Analysis of the Northern Galactic Sample

Abstract

Northern Galactic Planetary nebulae (PNs) are studied to disclose possible correlations between the morphology of the nebulae and the evolution of the central stars (CSs). To this end, we have built the best database available to date, accounting for homogeneity and completeness. We use updated statistical distances, an updated morphological classification scheme, and we calculate Zanstra temperatures for a large sample of PNs. With our study we confirm that round, elliptical, and bipolar PNs have different spatial distributions within the Galaxy, with average absolute distances to the Galactic plane 0.73, 0.38, and 0.21 kpc respectively. We also find evidence that the distributions of the central star’s masses are different across these morphological groups, although we do not find that CSs hosted by bipolar PNs are hotter, on average, than CSs within round and elliptical PNs. Our results are in broad agreement with the previous analyses, indicating that round, elliptical, and bipolar PNs evolve from progenitors in different mass ranges, and may belong to different stellar populations, as also indicated by the helium and nitrogen abundances of PNs of different morphology. Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore MD 21218, USA; lstanghe@stsci.edu; villaver@stsci.edu Affiliated to the Astrophysics Division, Space Science Department of ESA; on leave, INAFOsservatorio Astronomico di Bologna Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, via Lactea s/n, La Laguna, E-38200 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain; amt@iac.es Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Spain Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 W. Green St., Urbana, IL 61801; mar@uiuc.edu

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@inproceedings{StanghelliniTheCB, title={The Correlations between Planetary Nebula Morphology and Central Star Evolution. Analysis of the Northern Galactic Sample}, author={Letizia Stanghellini and Eva Villaver and Arturo Manchado and Martin A. Guerrero} }