The Contraction Effect: How Proportional Representation Affects Mobilization and Turnout

@article{Cox2016TheCE,
  title={The Contraction Effect: How Proportional Representation Affects Mobilization and Turnout},
  author={Gary W. Cox and Jon H. Fiva and Daniel M. Smith},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  year={2016},
  volume={78},
  pages={1249 - 1263}
}
A substantial body of research examines whether increasing the proportionality of an electoral system increases turnout, mostly based on cross-national comparisons. In this study, we offer two main contributions to the previous literature. First, we show that moving from a single-member district system to proportional representation in multimember districts should, according to recent theories of elite mobilization, produce a contraction in the distribution of mobilizational effort across… 
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