The Contentious Politics of Anti-Muslim Scapegoating in Myanmar

  title={The Contentious Politics of Anti-Muslim Scapegoating in Myanmar},
  author={Gerry van Klinken and Su Mon Thazin Aung},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary Asia},
  pages={353 - 375}
ABSTRACT Recent anti-Muslim violence in Myanmar cannot be understood primarily as a spontaneous outburst of religious feeling among the general population. Rather it was a shocking repertoire deployed by a semi-organised social movement with clear political goals, which overlapped with those of Myanmar’s military elite. In this article we trace the history of contention that saw key collective actors emerge who staged violent events and then framed them for the public. Elite competitive… 
Countering Buddhist radicalisation: emerging peace movements in Myanmar and Sri Lanka
Abstract Violence and hate speech endorsed by Buddhist monks against Muslim minorities in South and Southeast Asia have attracted global attention in recent years, and been the focus for a growing
The Re-ethnicisation of Politics in Myanmar and the Making of the Rohingya Ethnicity Paradox
  • Patrick Hein
  • Political Science
    India Quarterly: A Journal of International Affairs
  • 2018
In Myanmar, hostilities between the majority Burmese and the minority Rakhine people on one side and the minority Rohingya on the other side have been common, but violence has persisted and even
The Ethnic Minority Question and Rohingya Crisis in Contemporary Myanmar
Abstract The recent humanitarian Rohingya crisis has once again put Myanmar onto the centre stage of global media attention. The aim of this paper is to look into the ethnic minority question in
Myanmar’s Unwanted Ethnic Minority: A History and Analysis of the Rohingya Crisis
  • S. Druce
  • Political Science
    Managing Conflicts in a Globalizing ASEAN
  • 2019
The Myanmar army’s disproportionate use of military force in response to attacks in 2016 and 2017 by Harakah Al-Yaqin (Faith Movement) drove some 700,000 Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar’s western state
The birth of Buddhist politics of religious freedom in Myanmar
Abstract Given the long history of discrimination and violence against religious and ethnic minorities in Myanmar, international and transnational actors have engaged to address injustice and
Introduction: Interpreting Communal Violence in Myanmar
ABSTRACT Collective violence wracked Myanmar from 2012 to 2014. Overwhelmingly, Buddhists attacked Muslims. This article categorises the violence as “communal,” in so far as it consisted of
Rohingya: Victims of a Great Game East
  • C. C. Fair
  • Political Science
    The Washington Quarterly
  • 2018
In the vulnerable southeastern Bangladeshi city, Cox’s Bazar, an estimated 1 million Rohingyas languish in spartan refugee camps following brutal ethnic cleansing from their homes in Rakhine, a state
The Rohingya crisis and questions of accountability
ABSTRACT There is no obvious end to the ongoing tragedy that faces the Muslim Rohingya communities of western Myanmar. Yet, with two important international legal cases underway at the International
The Role of Myth in Anti-Muslim Buddhist Nationalism in Myanmar
This chapter highlights the role of myth in Buddhist nationalism in Myanmar. It traces the emergence and re-emergence of the colonial-era myth of deracination that provides a potent scheme of meaning
Everyday Justice for Muslims in Mawlamyine: Subjugation and Skilful Navigation
This article, based on ethnographic fieldwork in Myanmar 2015–2017, explores the everyday interactions between Muslim and Buddhist residents in an urban ward in Mawlamyine, the capital city of Mon


Gendered Rumours and the Muslim Scapegoat in Myanmar’s Transition
ABSTRACT Since 2012 Myanmar has experienced recurrent waves of religiously imbued violence. Violence has been both physical and symbolic. Symbolic violence has included the popularisation of the
Communal Conflict in Myanmar: The Legislature’s Response, 2012–2015
ABSTRACT From 2011 Myanmar’s nascent legislature quickly became a symbol of the country’s transition from military rule by exhibiting its autonomy and by sometimes acting as a check on the executive.
Contesting Buddhist Narratives: Democratization, Nationalism, and Communal Violence in Myanmar
Executive SummaryFor the past few years, Myanmar's political transition has been hampered by violence between Buddhists and Muslims. A nation with an ethnically Burman and religiously Buddhist
Addressing Myanmar’s Citizenship Crisis
Abstract Among many problematic issues surfacing in reformist Myanmar is a citizenship crisis with four main dimensions. First, in a state with fragile civil liberties, skewed political rights and
Anti-Muslim Violence in Burma: Why Now?
Why does anti-Muslim violence take place in Burma now and with what costs? Three related arguments are made to answer the puzzle. Firstly, the pattern, nature, level, frequency, and impact of
Reconciling Contradictions: Buddhist-Muslim Violence, Narrative Making and Memory in Myanmar
ABSTRACT Myanmar has been the site of serious violence between Buddhist and Muslim communities. This article presents findings from a research project convened to better understand the production of
Cooperation, Contestation, Conflict: Ethnic Political Interests in Myanmar Today
In the period of social and political transformation that followed the election of President Thein Sein, ethnic politics remained a major preoccupation for the Myanmar government, ethnic peoples and
The Political Economy of Myanmar’s Transition
Since holding elections in 2010, Myanmar has transitioned from a direct military dictatorship to a formally democratic system and has embarked on a period of rapid economic reform. After two decades
How in Myanmar “National Races” Came to Surpass Citizenship and Exclude Rohingya
ABSTRACT The idea of “national races” or taingyintha has animated brutal conflict in Myanmar over who or what is “Rohingya.” But because the term is translated from Burmese inconsistently, and
Opposing the rule of law: how Myanmar’s courts make law and order
and local Lanna past which, paradoxically, is more developed, civilised and prosperous than alternative visions advanced by either Bangkok or the West. A final substantive chapter closely analyses