The Contact Caveat

  title={The Contact Caveat},
  author={Fiona Kate Barlow and Stefania Paolini and Anne Pedersen and Matthew J. Hornsey and Helena R M Radke and Jake Harwood and Mark Rubin and Chris G. Sibley},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={1629 - 1643}
Contact researchers have largely overlooked the potential for negative intergroup contact to increase prejudice. In Study 1, we tested the interaction between contact quantity and valence on prejudice toward Black Australians (n = 1,476), Muslim Australians (n = 173), and asylum seekers (n = 293). In all cases, the association between contact quantity and prejudice was moderated by its valence, with negative contact emerging as a stronger and more consistent predictor than positive contact. In… Expand
Toward a Comprehensive Understanding of Intergroup Contact
An understanding of contact that is grounded in subjective experience is established, examining the affective mediators involved in the negative contact–prejudice relationship, extending research on the effects of positive and negative contact to minority groups, and examining the contact asymmetry experimentally. Expand
The Psychological Benefits and Costs of Positive and Negative Intergroup Contact
Over 60 years of research has established that positive contact between members of opposing social groups is one of the most important factors in improving relations. Despite this large body ofExpand
An Investigation of Positive and Negative Contact As Predictors of Intergroup Attitudes in the United States, Hong Kong, and Thailand
Contact researchers have overlooked (a) the mechanisms that explain the association between negative contact and prejudice, (b) the effects of positive and negative contact on outcomes beyondExpand
When contact goes wrong: Negative intergroup contact promotes generalized outgroup avoidance
This paper broadens our understanding of the consequences of negative intergroup contact. Study 1 reports cross-sectional evidence that negative contact with European immigrants in Britain is notExpand
Does intimacy counteract or amplify the detrimental effects of negative intergroup contact on attitudes?
Past research is limited by a focus on intimacy in positive intergroup contact. This study tested whether intergroup intimacy counteracts or amplifies the detrimental effects of negative intergroupExpand
Is negative mass media news always associated with outgroup prejudice? The buffering role of direct contact
We examined the association of the combination of direct intergroup contact and mass media news with attitudes toward immigrants and gay people in Italy, hypothesizing that direct intergroup contactExpand
Positive and extensive intergroup contact in the past buffers against the disproportionate impact of negative contact in the present
Negative (vs positive) intergroup contact may have a disproportionately large impact on intergroup relations because of valence-salience effects, whereby negative contact causes higher categoryExpand
Positive and negative intergroup contact: Interaction not asymmetry
This research reports a novel investigation into the comparative effects of positive and negative direct and extended intergroup contact on intergroup orientations. It tested the generality of theExpand
How positive and negative contact relate to attitudes towards Roma: Comparing majority and high‐status minority perspectives
Intergroup contact scholars have recently called for analyzing the effects of negative intergroup contact. In response to this call, we examined the correlates of positive and negative contact withExpand
The “contact hypothesis”: Critical reflections and future directions
Research on intergroup contact has grown exponentially over the past decade. Such research has typically extolled the benefits of positive interaction between members of historically dividedExpand


Negative Intergroup Contact Makes Group Memberships Salient: Explaining Why Intergroup Conflict Endures
The novel hypothesis of a valence-salience effect, whereby negative contact causes higher category salience than positive contact is advanced, suggests that intergroup contact is potentially biased toward worsening intergroup relations. Expand
Intergroup contact in Romania: When minority size is positively related to intergroup conflict
Contexts in which minority size is positively related to intergroup conflict are challenging for the contact hypothesis. In such situations, if opportunities for contact increase prejudice, theExpand
Differential relations between two types of contact and implicit and explicit racial attitudes.
A study investigating the mechanisms through which contact with outgroup members impacts on implicit attitudes assessed White participants' explicit attitudes, implicit attitudes, intergroup anxiety, and contact quantity and quality about Asians to find greater contact quality was related to more positive explicit attitude, while contact quantity was associated with more positive implicit attitudes. Expand
Prejudice And Minority Proportion: Contact Instead Of Threat Effects
Research on the relationship between the percentage of an ethnic minority population in a geographically defined area and majority members' prejudice typically reveals a positive covariation. ThisExpand
Ethnic Prejudice in East and West Germany: The Explanatory Power of Intergroup Contact
Surveys show that respondents from East Germany consistently show higher levels of ethnic prejudice than respondents from West Germany. Comparable differences can be found in statistics on crimes andExpand
Generalized Intergroup Contact Effects on Prejudice
The intergroup contact hypothesis is tested with self-reports of 3,806 survey respondents in seven 1988 national probability samples of France, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and West Germany. WithExpand
How does intergroup contact reduce prejudice? Meta‐analytic tests of three mediators
Recent years have witnessed a renewal of interest in intergroup contact theory. A meta-analysis of more than 500 studies established the theory's basic contention that intergroup contact typicallyExpand
A meta-analytic test of intergroup contact theory.
The meta-analysis finds that intergroup contact typically reduces intergroup prejudice, and this result suggests that contact theory, devised originally for racial and ethnic encounters, can be extended to other groups. Expand
Reconciling Context and Contact Effects on Racial Attitudes
The inter-group contact hypothesis states that intera ctions between individuals belonging to different groups will influence the attitudes and behavior between members of these different groups. TheExpand
Prediction of negative attitudes toward Australian asylum seekers: False beliefs, nationalism, and self‐esteem
Over the last few years in Australia, the issue of asylum seekers has been a significant feature of the media, and a topic that many people feel very strongly about. However, there is littleExpand