The Constitutional Moment: Reconstruction and Black Education in the South

  title={The Constitutional Moment: Reconstruction and Black Education in the South},
  author={David B. Tyack and Robert Lowe},
  journal={American Journal of Education},
  pages={236 - 256}
For a brief period after the Civil War, blacks gained a measure of political influence in Southern states. They used this nascent power first in a grass roots movement to build, fund, and staff schools. Then they joined with Radical Republicans in the Congress and with allies in Southern constitutional conventions during Congressional Reconstruction to establish free and universal public education. This article examines these political campaigns and the new constitutional frameworks that… 
“This Crisis of Our History”: The Colored Conventions Movement and the Temporal Construction of Southern Politics
Abstract After defeat in the Civil War, the white South used time as a tool of political oppression. Myths of the “Old South” and the “Lost Cause” distorted history and public memory; vagrancy laws
Education, race and empire: a genealogy of humanitarian governance in the United States
Much of the recent scholarship in critical philanthropy and humanitarianism focuses on the relationship between the origins of humanitarian governance and the development and expansion of
The Interpretation and Memory of Places for Segregated Education: A Comparative Analysis
One of the greatest tasks before the United States at the end of the Civil War was to educate the freed slave. Even though efforts to educate African Americans existed long before the beginning of
Law, Society, and Judicial Politics: State Supreme Courts and the Pursuit of Educational Equity
Since the late 1970s, state supreme courts have demonstrated an increased willingness to intervene in disputes on a host of issues ranging from defamation to budget deficits. Activists of all stripes
Are Constitutional Rights Inherently Conservative
The reigning theories about where rights come from tell us that ruling elites establish rights to safeguard the policies they have already established against the threat of a new elite’s ascendance.
Education for Philippine Pacification: How the U.S. Used Education as Part of its Counterinsurgency Strategy in the Philippines from 1898 to 1909
Abstract : This thesis examines how the United State deliberately used education as part of its counterinsurgency strategy in the Philippines to pacify anti-occupation violence and assimilate the
Surveying the Destruction of African American Schoolhouses in the South, 1864–1876
Abstract:This essay surveys the destruction of 631 African American schools during the Reconstruction era. Drawing from newspaper reports, congressional testimony, and the archives of the Freedmen’s
The Importance of History in the Racial Inequality and Racial Inequity in Education: New Orleans as a Case Example.
AbstractRacial equality and racial equity in U.S. education has been elusive although decades of education reform have them as goals. Current discourse advocate colorblind and post-racial solutions
All Money Ain't Good Money: The Interest Convergence Principle, White Philanthropy, and Black Education of the Past and Present.
This paper uses Derrick Bell's interest convergence principle, which argues that whites will support racial justice efforts only if they believe they will see gains for themselves, to examine white
Black Public Libraries in the South in the Era of De Jure Segregation
The intent of this article is to present an overview and analysis of the development of public libraries for African Americans in the South during the era of de jure segregation and through the civil


Separate but Not Equal: The Supreme Court's First Decision on Racial Discrimination in Schools
In 1899, three years after the “separate but equal” decision of Plessy v. Ferguson, the U. S. Supreme Court for the first time confronted the problem of racial discrimination in education. Writing
The Civil Rights Act of 1875
BY NOW Americans are as familiar with the cast of characters which appears when major race legislation comes before Congress as a country audience seeing a stock company show. We know by heart the
The Struggle for Equality: Abolitionists and the Negro in the Civil War and Reconstruction
Preface to the Princeton Classics Edition ix Preface xiii Key to Abbreviations xvii Introduction 3 I The Election of 1860 9 II Secession and the Coming of War 29 III The Emancipation Issue: 1861 52
The Present Status of the Negro Separate School as Defined by Court Decisions
The question of the separate school for Negroes has been expressly dealt with in state constitutions and statutes and may be divided into four distinct categories. First, there is the case where the
The Development Of State Legislation Concerning The Free Negro
Monograph dealing with the laws, enacted by each of the states and by the Federal government prior to 1917, that have related specifically to the Negro, except Negroes freed prior to the Civil War.
Black Reconstruction in America
The pioneering work in the study of the role of Black Americans during Reconstruction by the most influential Black intellectual of his time.
Oppositional Education in the Southern Farmers' Alliance, 1890-1900" (Ph.D
  • diss., Stanford University,
  • 1983