The Constitution and Structure of the Lunar Interior

  title={The Constitution and Structure of the Lunar Interior},
  author={Mark A. Wieczorek and Bradley L. Jolliff and Amir Khan and Matthew E. Pritchard and Benjamin P. Weiss and James G. Williams and Lon L. Hood and Kevin Righter and Clive R. Neal and Charles Shearer and I. S. Mccallum and Stephanie Tompkins and Bernard Ray Hawke and Christopher Peterson and Jeffrey J. Gillis and B. J. Bussey},
  journal={Reviews in Mineralogy \& Geochemistry},
The current state of understanding of the lunar interior is the sum of nearly four decades of work and a range of exploration programs spanning that same time period. Missions of the 1960s including the Rangers, Surveyors, and Lunar Orbiters, as well as Earth-based telescopic studies, laid the groundwork for the Apollo program and provided a basic understanding of the surface, its stratigraphy, and chronology. Through a combination of remote sensing, surface exploration, and sample return, the… 

Structure and Formation of the Lunar Farside Highlands

The quantified structure of the farside highlands unites them with the nearside and suggests a relation between lunar crustal structure, nearside volcanism, and heat-producing elements.

Lunar Seismology: An Update on Interior Structure Models

An international team of researchers gathered, with the support of the Interna- tional Space Science Institute (ISSI), (1) to review seismological investigations of the lunar interior from the

Lunar exploration: opening a window into the history and evolution of the inner Solar System

  • I. CrawfordK. Joy
  • Geology, Physics
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2014
It is argued that lunar science would greatly benefit from renewed human operations on the surface of the Moon, such as would be facilitated by implementing the recently proposed Global Exploration Roadmap.

Constraining the Evolutionary History of the Moon and the Inner Solar System: A Case for New Returned Lunar Samples

The Moon is the only planetary body other than the Earth for which samples have been collected in situ by humans and robotic missions and returned to Earth. Scientific investigations of the first

Mercury, Moon, Mars

The evolution of the interior of stagnant-lid bodies is comparatively easier to model and predict with respect to the Earth's due to the absence of the large uncertainties associated with the physics

Benefits of the Proposed Magia Mission for Lunar Geology

Age of geological units, surface mineralogical composition, volcanism, tectonics and cratering are major keys for unravelling the geodynamic and geological history of a planet. Thanks to the



The Stratigraphy and Evolution of the Lunar Crust

Reconstruction of stratigraphic relationships in the ancient lunar crust has proved to be a formidable task. The intense bombardment during the first 700 m.y. of lunar history has severely perturbed

Crustal diversity of the moon: Compositional analyses of Galileo solid state imaging data

The multispectral images of the lunar limb and farside obtained by the solid state imaging (SSI) system on board the Galileo spacecraft provide the first new pulse of compositional data of the Moon

Clementine Observations of the Aristarchus Region of the Moon

Multispectral and topographic data acquired by the Clementine spacecraft provide information on the composition and geologic history of the Aristarchus region of the moon, revealing olivine-rich materials and two kilometer-sized outcrops of anorthosite in the central peaks.

Geophysical and geochemical evolution of the lunar magma ocean

There is increasing evidence that at least the outer few hundred kilometers of the moon were melted immediately following accretion. This paper studies the evolution of this lunar magma ocean. The


A New View Of The Moon In Light Of Data From Clementine And Prospector Missions

Results from the 1994 Clementine and 1998–99 Lunar Prospector orbital missions are forcing a reevaluation of existing models of the origin and evolution of the Moon. Data on global topography and

A model of early lunar differentiation

The presence of anorthosites and the scarcity of complementary mafic rocks in the lunar crust suggest a body of melt with depth of the order of the depth of the crust itself (about 60 km). This depth

Structure, composition, and properties of lunar crust.

Lunar seismic data from three Apollo seismometers are interpreted to determine the structure of the moon's interior to a depth of about 100 km. The travel times and amplitudes of P and S arrivals

Distribution and modes of occurrence of lunar anorthosite

[1] We have utilized telescopic near-infrared spectra and multispectral images of the Moon provided by the Galileo and Clementine missions to determine the distribution and modes of occurrence of

Composition of the lunar highland crust from near‐infrared spectroscopy

Near-infrared reflectance spectra of the lunar highlands are synthesized to obtain global information about the composition of the lunar near-side crust. Immature exposed surfaces from small fresh