The Congress for Cultural Freedom, the End of Ideology and the 1955 Milan Conference: `Defining the Parameters of Discourse'1

  title={The Congress for Cultural Freedom, the End of Ideology and the 1955 Milan Conference: `Defining the Parameters of Discourse'1},
  author={Giles Scott-Smith},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary History},
  pages={437 - 455}
  • G. Scott-Smith
  • Published 1 July 2002
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Contemporary History
The Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF), an institution that fostered an international anti-communist consensus amongst intellectuals during the Cold War, represents a fascinating meeting-point between politics and culture, or, more broadly, between power and ideals.3 In particular, its links with the CIA have led some observers to disparage it as little more than a tool of US foreign policy, its intellectual-cultural interests being regarded as a smokescreen for an underlying 'politics of… 
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317-23; Hochgeschwender, op. cit., 453, 477. 63 'It was no longer exciting.' Thomas W. Braden, telephone interview
    Shils also acknowledged these 'material hindrances' but did not think they affected the overall value of the conference. Shils
    • Journal of Contemporary History