The Congolese diaspora in Brussels and hybrid identity formation: multi-scalarity and diasporic citizenship

  title={The Congolese diaspora in Brussels and hybrid identity formation: multi-scalarity and diasporic citizenship},
  author={Eva Swyngedouw and Erik Swyngedouw},
  journal={Urban Research \& Practice},
  pages={68 - 90}
In most of the literature on transnational communities and urban identity formation, emphasis is placed on two main processes of immigration that have shaped transnational presence. On the one hand, considerable attention has been paid to the emergence of large communities of migrating people who were positively attracted, if not encouraged to move, to fuel local labor markets (as in the case of guest workers in North-Western Europe). On the other hand, research has focused on mass migration… 

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