The Concept of Observation in Science and Philosophy

  title={The Concept of Observation in Science and Philosophy},
  author={Dudley Shapere},
  journal={Philosophy of Science},
  pages={485 - 525}
  • D. Shapere
  • Published 1 December 1982
  • Physics
  • Philosophy of Science
Through a study of a sophisticated contemporary scientific experiment, it is shown how and why use of the term 'observation' in reference to that experiment departs from ordinary and philosophical usages which associate observation epistemically with perception. The role of "background information" is examined, and general conclusions are arrived at regarding the use of descriptive language in and in talking about science. These conclusions bring out the reasoning by which science builds on… 
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