The Computation of Social Behavior

  title={The Computation of Social Behavior},
  author={Timothy E. J. Behrens and Laurence Tudor Hunt and Matthew F. S. Rushworth},
  pages={1160 - 1164}
Social Sciences Reviewed The social sciences focus on multibody problems within changing environments, where the intentions and actions of both actor and acted-upon vary over time. In such situations, it can be challenging, to say the least, to identify unambiguously and persuasively which behaviors are causes, which are effects, and which are epiphenomena. Behrens et al. (p. 1160) review the recent application of formal behavioral models in the area of social cognitive neuroscience… 

Identity economics and the brain: uncovering the mechanisms of social conflict

  • S. HuettelR. Kranton
  • Economics
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2012
A simple taxonomy of social contexts based on the information content they provide is set forth, and the key questions that would be addressed by a new ‘identity neuroeconomics’ are highlighted.

The neuroscience of social decision-making.

The role of the prefrontal cortex in prudent social decision-making, at least when social environments are relatively stable, is highlighted and recent progress has been made in understanding the neural bases of individual variation in social decided-making.

Computational Models in Social Neuroscience

This chapter reviews an emerging lit­ erature that uses computational models to study the psychological and brain processes involved in social learning and inferring others’ mental states, and focuses specifically on reviewing literature that uses a rein­ forcement learning framework to under­ stand how people learn from interacting with others.

The role of prediction in social neuroscience

The review presents a number of testable hypotheses and novel comparisons that aim to stimulate further discussion and integration between currently disparate fields of research, with regard to computational models, behavioral and neurophysiological data, and potential strategies for treating social cognitive deficits.

Toward a Neural Basis for Social Behavior

Perceived ambiguity of social interactions increases coupling between frontal and temporal nodes of the social brain

It is hypothesised that this widespread network synchronisation occurs when cingulate and temporal areas coordinate their activity when more difficult social inferences are made.

A Distinct Role of the Temporal-Parietal Junction in Predicting Socially Guided Decisions

Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used, in conjunction with combinatorial multivariate pattern analysis, to predict human participants’ subsequent decisions in an incentive-compatible poker game and found that signals from the temporal-parietal junction provided unique information about the nature of the upcoming decision.

Breaking human social decision making into multiple components and then putting them together again

The current state of knowledge in the domain of social computational neuroscience is reviewed to suggest that further progress is going to depend on identifying how and where variables get integrated in order to yield a coherent behavioral output.



Social neuroeconomics: the neural circuitry of social preferences

Associative learning of social value

It is demonstrated that social information may be acquired using the same associative processes assumed to underlie reward-based learning, and suggested that human social valuation can be realized by means of the same Associative processes previously established for learning other, simpler, features of the environment.

Neural correlates of mentalizing-related computations during strategic interactions in humans

A computational model describing the capacity to mentalize in games was formulated and dissociable contributions of different parts of the mentalizing network to the computations underlying higher-order strategizing in humans were suggested.

A system in the human brain for predicting the actions of others

Functional magnetic resonance imaging is tested to provide compelling evidence that areas within the action control system of the human brain are indeed activated when predicting others' actions, but a different action sub-system is activated when preparing one's own actions.

Empathic neural responses are modulated by the perceived fairness of others

It is shown that in men (at least) empathic responses are shaped by valuation of other people's social behaviour, such that they empathize with fair opponents while favouring the physical punishment of unfair opponents, a finding that echoes recent evidence for altruistic punishment.

Human fronto–mesolimbic networks guide decisions about charitable donation

Functional magnetic resonance imaging is used while participants anonymously donated to or opposed real charitable organizations related to major societal causes to show that the mesolimbic reward system is engaged by donations in the same way as when monetary rewards are obtained.

Prefrontal cortex and decision making in a mixed-strategy game

The role of prefrontal cortex (PFC) in dynamic decision making in monkeys was investigated and it was found that neurons in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex encoded the animal's past decisions and payoffs, as well as the conjunction between the two, providing signals necessary to update the estimates of expected reward.

The Brain and Emotion

  • M. Posner
  • Psychology, Biology
    Nature Medicine
  • 1999
Edmund Rolls’ book provides a particularly strong treatment of frontal cortical areas and even of the lateralization involved in the coordination of emotion in relation to cognition, a topic that has been explored somewhat in two other recent books on emotion.

Meeting of minds: the medial frontal cortex and social cognition

This work reviews the emerging literature that relates social cognition to the medial frontal cortex and proposes a theoretical model of medial frontal cortical function relevant to different aspects of social cognitive processing.